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RECOMMENDED CDROM: "The Amateur Scientist," from Scientific American magazine. All 810 columns by C.L.Stong, Jearle Walker, Shawn Carlson. ~1000 amateur projects, pp2100. $28


New addition to Childhood Brain: the Mosquito Aria, and trying to hit double high-C by humming very softly.


   Find cheap HV supplies, -10KVDC variable, just buy Emco E10628 on eBay. Normally $500 from Digikey, I've seen them for $25 surplus. These are actually Emco CB101N (find the datasheet,) with 100uA output, with a Vctl pin (0 to 5v) that adjusts the output voltage. They need 12 to 15 volt supply, at 220mA max. Eight pins on the bottom, like this...
(1)    (2)      (3) (4)

(8)    (7)      (6) (5)
To enable it, connect pins 4 and 5. The 12V supply goes + to pin 1, - to pin 2 common. Pin 8 is the HV positive pin. Pin 4 is Vctl input, and pin 5 is a convenient +5V supply, which can power a 10K pot for setting the volts. Connect your HV output between the thick pink wire (neg) and pin 8 (pos.)



I hear that I'm now on your tee vee! The episode of Strange Evidence must have finally seen the light. About " levitating fishing line," apparently it's not that uncommon. It means you're about to die by lightning strike.



New electricity rants!

  • Why do people say "We don't really know what electricity is." ?

  • How did Tesla conceive the Induction Motor? What caused Tesla's
    financial problems? WHY WAS TESLA DOOMED?!


    If you don't like the year 2020 so much, then try a little bit'o the ol' 1976...

    Also, there's an entire Abba concert, by S. Mann on the Jardin Smith organ, in Manchester at the English Martyrs.


       Careful, don't blind yourself with that INTENSE BROWN LASER! You'll end up seeing blotchy after-images. Colored mauve, probably.  

       "Full Metal Jacket" gives me Flashbacks to 1969 jungle, with synestesia.
    It's that creepy metal screech in the soundtrack. Inside the sound I smell burning garbage, mildew, hot rust. Pieces of quonset hut corrugated iron, rusted-out 55gal drums rolling slightly. That was my childhood, Guam, town of Merizo where every house had a burning 55gal trashcan full of garbage, and pieces of corrugated iron roof blowing in the wind. Swordgrass fields. No snipers. But every single heavy-loaded B-52 was flying low over our 1965 house up in Northwest Field, on their way to Cambodia. Or perhaps Laos.



    No new articles here? Try How do batteries determine their voltage? also How can I become as big a genius as N. Tesla?, or roughly eight hundred other new wbeaty articles posted over on the Q&A site



    Some recommended books:

  • Conceptual Physics, by Paul Hewitt
  • Electrical Engineering 101: should have learned but didn't
  • The Feynman Lectures Vol 1-3 ppbk red books. Also, it's online for free!


    Heh, years ago I heard that fans created a "Bill Beaty" page on Wikipedia. Now trolls have deleted it again.

    I am nemo.


       BIFILAR COILS need not be so weird. Yet at the same time weird.

    - For example, a UHF "hairpin resonator," just a long U-shape rod, is a bifilar coil (and Nikola Tesla was driving these, getting weird overtone arcs.) If we pulse one end of the hairpin, it should launch high-power microwaves from its far end ...and if the hairpin is twisted, then we have the infamous "Smith Coil" which supposedly launches aether vortices. - Besides spiralled hairpin antennas, another "Bifilar" is the toroid coil if wound in two directions, to prevent any single-turn from existing around its equator. In other words, wind a toroid coil as usual ...then keep going as before, but advance each turn backwards, until you've wound an equal number of turns. The toroid will now have a "spiral hairpin" winding, with strong b-field in the core. Unlike normal toroid windings, there will be exactly zero magnetic field outside, since without the unwanted single turn around the axis, the coil is almost perfectly self-shielding. (The unwanted single turn goes around the equator, then goes back again to the beginning, for zero average current around the donut's equator.) But there is still A-field (and ac volts) in the space outside the coil.


    6/11/2018   RAY-DEE-ATION!
    FINALLY measured my dose from flying in a plane.
    Normally my 70's-era dosimeters reliably accumulate 35mR per year.
    On two 2.5hr trips (Vegas,) one of these accumulated 2mR total. Five hours in the air, but maybe only ~4.5h total time up high in the natural cosmic ray-bath.
  • 2mR per 4h is 4400mR per year, or 125X higher than sea-level background radiation
  • 2mR per 4.5h is 3900mR per year, or 110X higher than background
    So cross-country airline trips, (during no solar flares) give a rough cosmic-ray dose of at least 100X the background level.
    Normal rads: 0.082mR/day (0.0034mR/hr) aircraft 0.4mR/hr, 120X above background. (so about 120 counts/sec on a big pancake detector, rather than the 1cps you get at sea level.)
    Heh, I wonder what the value would be, up in the Space Shuttle, or the ISS? Ra-di-a-tion. Yes, indeed. You hear the most outrageous lies about it. Half-baked goggle-box do-gooders telling everybody it's bad for you. Pernicious nonsense!


    Building enormous ancient stone temples? Lifting multi-ton blocks on floating barges requires giant barges. However, if we can make a 1cm “water-film” under a giant stone block, and pressurize it with only a few PSI, the block will lift. That’s the air-film hovercraft trick for moving giant milling-machines. Inside a stone temple with a polished stone floor, this would be easy to do.

    So …ancient Aegyptian air-hockey tables, with multi-ton stone blocks coasting around. A smooth sidewalk with lots of tiny holes, and horizontal pressure-channels underneath. If they used water, they’d only need a few ft. of “dam head,” in order to create the PSI for lifting multi-ton limestone. Use an Archimedes spiral-pump, run by small windmill, or a Conan-style 2-man spoke-wheel. Limestone is ~2x density of water, so to lift a square inch of limestone that’s 4ft tall, you’d need a bit more than 8ft head of water (from a quite small overhead water tank.)

    Or, put each block upon a larger wood plate, to increase the area of footprint, and pressurize the plate-fislm with much lower PSI. No rolling logs used anywhere, instead one man could guide few-ton blocks w/finger pressure. Or, build your water-channel sidewalk with a very small tilt, and any block placed upon it would automatically glide downhill like magic. Heh, with a continuous chain of blocks in motion, the transport-sidewalk would only have very few open water-pores squirting upwards.

    Ancient kids at the beach, with thin wood disks, can run and jump onto them, sliding 70ft on the water-film. Then kid grows up to be the master stonecutter of the Pharaoh, sliding hundred-ton granite blocks around. (Hey genius, but how do you make those blocks go uphill? Maybe hydraulic elevator, run by a few buckets full of water? Pump water to the top of the pyramid. When it flows down, limestone blocks rise up.)



    Recent SSE conference, try the AATIP talk. (Terrible acoustics there. Try the transcript.)
    Also see:
    - Crown-flash magnetic analogy
    - Crown-flash magnetic analogy, in sunlight



    Wow, PDFs of rare books weird ones. Wood Library and Museum. They have The Odic Force 1926. The internet: grab personal copies before it goes away.



    On Leaping Sundogs page, just uploaded the references and the three diagrams to Bernard Vonnegut's "leaping sundogs" research paper from 1965. Vonnegut discovered crownflash-sundog effect fifty years ago, but he had only his own observations, plus some eyewitnesses. No film footage, so the odd phenomenon and Vonnegut's discovery was ignored until now. Also: CrownFlash on Reddit.



    The most beautiful phrase in the English language is "pressure door."



    Recent rumor I've heard: safety flashers in the building will disrupt phone communication for hundreds of feet around.

    Really? Well, it could make sense. Xenon strobe tubes. Risetime of electric arcs can be in tens of nanoseconds. If the discharge circuit on a fire-alarm warning strobe was loop-shaped, it could be emitting very brief microwave pulses of few hundred watts.

    Time to experiment. Paint your xenon strobe opaque, so nobody figures it out. Maybe you'd need two or three resonant loops, to cover multiple bands. Maybe "phone jammers" need no transistors.



    The best thing on TV ever. Reality fractured, your stance wanders loose, never quite restored.



    I'm over there on, answering questions.



    Huh, just had another hyper-realistic dream, my fourth. These are the ones with incredible detail, like sitting through a 2hr movie, a movie backed up by man-years of scriptwriting and research. OK, what's my mind picking up during asleep? The undercurrents of the cosmic pop-culture? BURNING-MAN CROWDS and their highly focused Tibetan-Tulpa rays, centaur Real-doll scorpions, the art installations with haunted randomizers and discarnate memories stored in the zeropoint nonlocal foam. Pinocchio was built by Frankenstein and wants to become a real girl!



    Repair your BD-10 "vacuum tester" Tesla Coil. Or Violetta Violet Wand. Or, buy up some dead Violet Ray tesla-coil quack-medical devices on eBay, then get them working for resale. (Or did you just want to cure your brain-fog, rather than zapping sensitive body parts?)



    Sam Langley devised the Bolometer,
    a wonderful type of thermometer;
    it can measure the temp
    of a Polar-bear's rump
    at a distance of half a kilometer.

    - science-joke collection: "A Random Walk in Science" 1973 RL Webber



    Get plastered with the Golden Hoard?
    Hey, yogurt-drink is Kumis! Kumis beer from fermented mares' milk fueled Ghengis' vast army. Store-bought Kefir liquid-yoghurt will swell up and explode if you leave it out of the fridge. It's full of yeast, and makes CO2. Also alcohol of course. The seller just didn't let it go long enough, like artisan carbonated grape juice actually being proto-wine. Igonna leave som Kefir out when weather warms up again, crack the cap a bit, maybe use a winemaking bubbler. See how much alcohol. If it works, next stage is buy a stable full of pregnant Mongolian war-ponies. Artisanal Kumiss, in horse-skin bags just like old country. Weaponized canteen



    Everything's improved by f-holes!



    Avoid giving away your alien origin: remember, real humans never say "Finger-Ends," always be sure to say say "fingertips."



    In the USA, solvent-filled Xmas bubble lights are available, but not in many other countries. This is a shame, because the Methylene Chloride isn't necessary. Works fine with Ethylene Chloride (plexi solvent cement #3) The same effect also occurs with water. But, you must carefully exclude every bit of air, using a somewhat-hard vacuum and well-degassed water. Some smart supplier should start selling these things in the UK, using water in a vacuum, boiling at 40C deg or so. A bit of sand at the bottom to trap microbubbles for nucleation.



    They'll only take away my
    fractional-MeV kilowatt-scale proton beam generator
    when they pry it out of my COLD DEAD TENTACLES!



    Nikola Tesla FAQ. Debunking the myths. Did Tesla invent coaxial cable? And radio, speedometers, neon advertising signs, etc? Yes and no. Mostly yes.

    But no, not the coax.



    Do all squished spiders smell the same?
    More important, to they all TASTE THE SAME?



    My Livescribe pen is repaired, I replaced the display. Those custom OLED panels aren't available, so I bought a second pen and pulled one from there. So, DIY repair is possible. The displays and batteries for Echo smartpen are "no user servicable parts inside." Ahem. The main trick is taking the darned case apart.



    In 2010 I was on a roll, cracking myself up, see Straight Dope Tesla and broadcast power theory



    I've used up my 15min of fame, and now I'm using up yours! On the next season of "Outrageous Acts of Science" (in the UK called "You Have Been Warned,") I'll be melting some beer bottles in a microwave oven, as seen on my Youtube vid (plus perhaps some extra footage.) Season 3, episode #7. I originated this glass-melting trick back in 2003, as part of our monthly science/crackpot "salon" here in Seattle. Lots of microwave physics "unwise demonstrations" for the high school classroom. And previously on YHBW, extreme cavitation damage.



    Oh FUDGE!
    My grandfather would say "gol durn!" rather than god damn. My grandma would say "Oh fudge" rather than, ...well. Must remember this. When I'm 98 and in a nursing home, must say OH FUDGE, the fudging motherfudgers at the fudging SSI have lost my fudging monthy check! AGAIN! And who do I have to fudge to get some service around here? Fudging heck.
    Stupid dillweeds."



    Just about finished updating 300-400 pages here, making them squishable for phone, to avoid the Google Mobile-geddon.

    For example, the Good Stuff page now will smash down its jpegs when you narrow your browser window. And DIY Simple Telescope will even squash it's fixed-width ASCII diagrams! (And, this here News page is finally viewable on mobile, except for some leftover Courier-font <PRE> stuff found way way down below 1999.



    Idea: buy a pair of retroreflector-pants so beloved of the contemporary hiphop community ...then paint them with lime-green transparent spray paint. Wear a black sweater, black ski mask, and go out and dance in front of headlights.
    Ah, then, then

    There I was! Caught in the Snide!
    And in the dreadful place,
    those spooky scary Pants and I were standing face to face!
    I yelled for help. I screamed. I shrieked.
    I howled, I yowled, I cried:




    Sometimes I see mysterious pageload errors from, also pages appearing only slowly while a hitcounter is loading. More recently I get occasional malware popup ads "A MESSAGE FROM OUR SPONSORS", they're these big gray windows seemingly served by ebay, youtube, etc.

    I started getting them at work, and tracked it down. Consensus is that "Site Meter" aka is behind all this. If you visit any site with a tiny Sitemeter hit counter, it supposedly loads a script/cookies which wait for you to visit eBay etc., then display the obtrusive screen-wide ad *only* if you're on eBay, otherwise it lurks hidden. Sometimes it plays music. And it's been going on since 2007.

    Greeaat. Site meter is the hitcounter at the bottom of nearly all of my pages!

    For your ref, here are warnings etc. about Sitemeter



    "The joule in the heart of the LC resonance!"



    On google maps, streetview, here's a local Eastside good image of the Google Car and bike trailer, also the GoogleBike-rider's girlfriend bored and perturbed. (Note that you can Streetview-drive all over the sidewalks in that park, go out to the end of the dock, even climb stairs.)



    Added some to Ultra-simple Generator, GOING FURTHER: HEAVY-DUTY VERSIONS. No, there is no need to stamp out hundreds of iron sheet laminations. We can use the same idea that Edison used for his first industrial products: the Gramme Dynamo. Its "laminated" rotor is actually a ring wound from iron wire. DIY becomes possible again.


    My favorite book when I was nine: review from magazine Radio-TV Experimenter 1967

    "Start 'em Young.
    "Here's a grabber for junior scientists; Arco's new Junior Science Projects by the editors of SCIENCE EXPERIMENTER, a Davis Publication. There are scores of fascinating step-by-step experiments and projects in electronics, physics, optics, chemistry, magnetism and astronomy packed into a hard cover book. Fully illustrated with hundreds of photographs, drawings and charts, the text not only shows how to construct the many projects but explains by means of experiments what scientific theory and principles apply. Included in its jammed-packed contents are details on building an infra-red detector, electronic stethoscope, electric slide rule, parabolic mike, ion-exchange fuel cell, projector scope, Tesla coil and many other marvelous and fascinating projects.

    "Some of the "you-too-can-do-handily" experiments include glow sischarges, Schlieren optics, black light, adsorption chromatography, chemi-luminescence, among others. You are even shown how to make your own plastic lab equipment saving many dollars.

    "All the projects are imaginatively conceived, educational, and promise hours and hours of rewarding fun. Junior Science Projects is a veritable gold mine of ideas for science fair projects and is guaranteed to stimulate the experimenter's inventive genius by opening new avenues of scientific knowledge. Want a copy? See your local bookstore dealer or write to Arco Publishing Company, Inc., 219 Park Ave. South, New York. N.Y. 10003 Jan. 1967
    Hard cover 175 pages, price $3.95



    ThunderfOOt and Veritasium fighting over Kelvin Thunderstorm? Hmmm, synchronicity, I just worked on a commercial design for a giant one. The issue of water-resistance came up. Here's a bit on that, Salt water and that "Kelvin's Plasticstorm" device.


       Note: Walt and Leigh Richmond wrote SIVA!," earlier called "The Lost Millenium," where Atlantis is powered by laser-guided lightning, fired vertically to short out the ionosphere. See discussion



    PIKA-SHOES is back! Yes, Electronics Goldmine stopped selling those useful little -8,000-volt power supplies back in 2003 or so. And even the 120VAC types vanished from All Electronics. But suddenly some Chinese company has them again, and they're all over eBay for about $5 each! (They say 6 kilovolts, but they actually run at 8KV unloaded. Crank them up to 10KV using higher DC input.)


    	Now it's over, I'm dead and I haven't
    	done anything that I want, or
    	I'm still alive, and there's
    	nothing I wanna do.



    Science fiction writers on "free energy" or PM machines: RA Heinlein's famous "Brown Shoe," about a hippy who discovers an OU magnet-motor, and has to turn himself into a Normal, a Straight, in order to get it out into the world. Another is Poul Anderson's "Snowball," cars powered by the billion-coulomb battery, "capaci-tite" which anyone can create with a mixer and an oven.



    Discussions with John White, about a possible UFO/MIB museum in Burien, WA. The DISCOVER BURIEN flying-saucer cultural center and 50s-themed Men-in-Black burger joint. The "Museum of the Mysteries" may contribute a UFO library. I might be building some science exihibits. Like my wall which is opaque from one side, transparent from the other (just like flying saucer pilot's viewing-dome.)

    I heard from John that A.P.E, American Power Equipment corp, is based upon Nikola Tesla's earthquake machine. John built one. Multi-horsepower hydraulic loudspeaker! Hook it to a metal structure. Vibrate the heck out of it (no need to even tune for resonance.) WHAT HAPPENS? No, it's not destroyed by magical resonance effects. Instead, the entire structure sinks into the Earth! Tesla's earthquake machine produces soil liquification (just like I always thought.) But it doesn't destory buildings by damaging the metal. Instead, it acts as a "silent pile driver." Hook it to a huge vertical support-beam, and the beam will sink right into the ground. (Well, it will if it was never originally driven down to a bedrock layer.) Any large building with hundreds-feet vertical support beams, if they're not sitting on deep bedrock, can be "pile driven" by using a fairly small resonant device. Find a lengthwise-resonance of the beam, and only the tips of the beam will be violently wiggling. Or, use a big device, driven by tens of horsepower of hydraulic pump.

    So, what did Tesla actually observe? He didn't vibrate his lab after all! Instead, his central support column started eating its way downwards. The entire floor tilted, and his lathes, drillpress, etc., started sliding downhill! Heh, Tesla never actually said this. (Or, he TRIED to explain, but we've always heard the words wrong.) His secret device is a silent pile driver. Just a slight hum.

    What does APE Corp sell? Silent pile drivers, based on industrial vibrator heads, "vibros." If you have a 20ft-wide sheet of inch-thick steel, just stand it on edge, and APE devices can sink it right into the earth. They need not even push. The soil-liquification effect lets the steel slab move down under its own weight.

    So yes, if you hook it to a downtown skyscraper, and cause one of the main supports to sink downwards by a couple of yards, you might topple the entire building. Yet another 'lost Tesla secret.' But someone in Burien is getting rich selling them!

    LATER ADDITION: John White's movie: "The Maury Island Incident." But no UFO museum yet in Burien.

    05/09/2014   ART BELL SHOW! Sunday 5/11/2014, I'll be on there doing the SLI streetlights and Electric Human phenomenon, Coast to Coast AM with Richard Syrett 10PM PST  


    My recipe for mideastern party dip, Baba Ganouj, 2005.
    Restaurant style, not the stuff resembling peanut butter you find in stores. You're supposed to broil the eggplant like Gyros: cook it on a stick over a fire, while carving off the charred layers as it broils. My version comes close: carbon-y goodness. And if you make it from scratch, you can also do some Garlic Overkill, and destroy any vampires downwind!




    Everyone seems convinced that the 'explosions' of cola and Mentos(tm) are caused by chemicals, and by solid nucleation sites. Wrong. It's actually microbubbles.

    The outer layer of Mentos is an air/sugar foam, not a white pigment. The dissolving Mentos-ees will release billions of microbubbles to seed the carbonation froth. But how to prove this? After all, liquids which contain a cloud of invisible bubbles are not so different than liquids full of "nucleation" chemicals. (And Mythbusters says it's chemical-based. We know that Mythbusters is always right.) <grin> Well, we could scrape/polish the candy surface to eliminate the supposed "roughness," and see if the explosion still occurs. Melt the surface with a flame? Or try the experiment with high-sugar carbonated drink, where, if the Mentos can't dissolve, even the roughest Mentos won't provoke any frothing.

    BRAINSTORM!!!! Water with a bubble-cloud is compressible, and the acoustic velocity falls lower when compared to water without any bubble-plume. So, just do the "hot chocolate effect" acoustic demo, but rather than dumping powder into hot water, instead dump Mentos(tm) into cold. Also, the pitch of the clinking sound should progressively descend as the Mentos release increasing numbers of microbubbles.

    Here's other tests besides flame polishing: with the Mentos in water, rapidly lower the air pressure by about 50%, and note that the invisibly small bubbles suddenly grow large enough to easily be seen as a white plume. (Works well by using a "wine bottle pump" vacuum plunger thingie.) The candy surface spews out invisible "smoke," and we can make it become visible. Then break the vacuum seal on your pressure chamber and the white plume winks out. Or another: dump some Mentos into some water which has a bit of dish detergent. Later a white froth of un-popped microbubbles is found on the surface. Or, wet some mentos and let it drip into cola to see violent fizzing without any rough surface touching the cola. Then instead if we save up some mentos-drippings and wait an hour to let any microbubbles in the mentoswater dissolve (or rise and burst,) then that same mentoswater becomes inert, no longer provokes fizzing of cola. Or, with submerged Mentos in tap water, pass extremely bright light beam through the water adjacent to Mentos to search for microscopic bubbles. (Video projector lamp? Scanned 5Watt violet laser?) With enough light, scattering should make the released plume of invisible microbubbles appear as an invisible "smoke." Finally: watch the fluid flow around Mentos in water. Dissolving sugar should make a descending current, but if there's enough microbubbles present, their low density may create a rising plume instead.


       Wow, apparently I own two US dollars worth of Bitcoin



    Nearly finished that old WHAT IS COHERENT LIGHT? article. As a student I'd never really understood lasers, despite optics courses and later realizing the classic misconceptions that plague this whole topic. But defeat the misconception, and everything suddenly makes sense. No, a photon doesn't look like a little sine-wave drawn by a wiggling pencil.




    I've occasionally heard reports of two moons seen in the sky. Quite a few reports, but no photos. Yet this effect might not be totally impossible. It might be an inverse subsun phenomenon, closely related to light pillars or "moon pillar." For example, during a plane trip over desert, if there is a layer of cirrostratus or cirrus below you, and if the sun is near the horizon, sometimes you see a sharply focused second sun below the first. It looks just like a sun reflection on flat water peeking from below the clouds, as if there's a big lake hidden down there. But under the clouds is desert and mountains. The "water" is actually a layer of suspended ice crystals, all of them slowly settling horizontally like tiny dinnerplates. Even turbulence won't disturb this if irrotational (and it usually is.) Together the flat crystals form a crude mirror. So instead, what if you were BELOW this mirror in the sky? If the moon was out at night, and if it was very, very low in the sky, then maybe you'd see a "subsun," a clear sharp moon reflection. But it would be upside-down from a normal subsun. An inverse subsun. The real moon would have a (perhaps dimmer) false moon hanging in the sky directly above it. (But if the apparent second moon was to the side of the first, or if the two moons were seen high in the sky, then the phenomenon still remains unexplained.)


    10/10/2013   For the last couple of years I've been hanging out on reddit.  


    I made it to NPR! Go listen+add comments to "An Engineer Beats the Physics of Traffic," (the NPR page for my brief interview on Weekend Edition) Added lots more finds to Full length SF movies from Youtube. Piles of stuff there to watch. Also lots of anime and indie animations, and always more odd physics on Physvids archive



    Added lots more finds to Full length SF movies from Youtube. Piles of stuff there to watch. Also lots of anime and indie animations, and always more odd physics on Physvids archive



    Added a Business Cards page, typed in a very old sheet of ideas for science teacher's givaway cards.


    5/23/2013   Added a Tesla FAQ, discussion of Nikola T. trivia, some insights and little-known weird facts.  


    Just a few days left in the Let's Build A Goddamn Tesla Museum funding drive. Help get the word out. The perk at the $200 donor level is a micro tesla coil!



    Recurring (recursiving!) late night self-referential philosophical musings: anyone who has been caught using the fallacy of Poisoning the Well is no longer trustworthy, all their further arguments are suspect, and anything they say is merely a dishonest attempt to delude us! :)


    8/21/2012   Added What Is A Tesla Coil?  


    Famous once again. Randall linked to my Cavitation Bottle Smash video from his XKCD WHAT IF: Glass Half Empty. 75K extra views, lots of comments.



    Updated the UNUSUAL PHENOMENA REPORTS section, hundreds of new stories, vanishing toilet paper, people teleporting out of lethal accidents, many electric humans and Ball Lightnings. Even some twice-arriving dopplegangers



    Pressure of unopened cola

    A coke bottle. When you shake it, does the pressure rise? Well, there's an easy way to detect pressure changes. Hold a plastic bottle by the cap, then whack it by whipping your knuckles across the side in a glancing blow. It rings like a bell. The pitch is determined by fluid mass and tautness of the plastic: by gas pressure. If the pressure rises, the pitch will rise. I go and get a sealed warm soda. Whack it a few times to remember the pitch of the bell-tone. Now shake it a bit, let the bubbles clear, then whack it again. The tone doesn't change. Shaking it didn't alter the pressure. Next, if I put it in the fridge for 15min, then whack/shake/whack, I hear the pitch go down. Shaking it DECREASED the pressure. As expected! After all, opening a warm soda releases a big burst of pressure, but not with cold soda a soda bottle cooling in the fridge is in the process of dissolving its high-pressure CO2 pocket. Shaking it up will provide a large surface area, so the gas can suddenly go into solution. Pressure falls, bell-tone goes lower. (And if you test an hour-chilled bottle that's been warming on the counter for a few minutes, you should find the opposite result.)



    Plasma w/injected carbon

    When the multiple Tesla coils were set up at Hackerbot, I brought my argon tank and filled roundbottom flasks. Placed on a topload, arcs went capacitively through the flask and through the argon. Amazingly we got some ball-lightning effects as arcs passed through the "stopper" made of paper towel in the neck of the flask, extended out into the air, and set the paper on fire. Plasma w/carbon doping, doncha know. The streamers in the air had all sorts of glowing beads moving along them (a bit hard to see in this photo.) Aha, here's some video showing the mixture of flames and plasma streamers. Argon flasks are a convenient way to position some stable fire+carbon in the center of a tesla coil streamer.

    PS, OT, if I use yellow-green fluorescent highlighter to draw some anatomically correct bones on my hand, they're almost invisible in normal lightning. Then a high-power ultraviolet LED flashlight freaks people out even under bright room lighting. (safety note: a small percentage of people are allergic to fluorescein dye in these markers, so test first before you cover your entire body with fluorescent ink!)



    Old news, photos of me at Burning Man '07, where I sat daily in Center House trying to put tiny flakes of TERRIFYING LETHALLY DANGEROUS DRY ICE in drinks of passersby. Also handling it wo/gloves while chewing up chunks and spewing CO2 plumes out my nostrils. (Sideshow fire-eaters think I'm insane.) A couple of photos.




    While flying down to a conference I was wondering if cosmic ray bombardment of brain tissue will again stimulate hypercreativity like it has in the past. Nope. Nope, no weird ideas spontaneously appearing. As soon as I thought this, immediately a simple and astounding idea flashed into my head. You know hyperstereo trick mentioned below? A stereo screen playing two delayed versions of footage shot from a moving vehicle? Well, why not just open two browser windows and play the same video of slowly crawling landscape, but play/pause them to give just the right delay. Then view them with crossed eyes for 3D. DOH!!!! Try it right now, NO CUSTOM SOFTWARE NEEDED! I'd been looking right at this idea for months, but the simple trick didn't occur to me until my head was being penetrated by naturally-occurring ionizing radiation. Pretty cool, eh?

    I wonder how many of us invented "Portal" back when we were kids? I doubt I'm the only one. Imagining bracelets where you stick your hand in, and your hand comes out through a different bracelet? Put a pair around your neck, then take your head off and place it on the table. Two big ones on the floor would create a "zero-G bed," and one on the ceiling would make an infinite hole. Would you die of thirst while falling, or would you tend to wander to the side and get beat to death by hitting the edges? Throw a small one in mile-deep ocean, use the other as an energy source, or a weapon, ...or a reaction engine to propel a bunch of similar bracelets to the moon. Make a vacuum chamber with really clean 'high orbit vacuum.' Don't drop one in the sun, or soon the sun will be half its size, with a second sun orbiting 93M miles away.



    MOTOR CHALLENGE: making fake O/U motors
    All these "Mylow Motor"-style hoax videos. But never an interesting fake. It's always just a blurred thread, or an air jet with the sound turned off. Last year on SED I was thinking about this and wondered, could I build a magnet-powered spinner? Or perhaps a magnet-pendulum? A real one, where the magnets got weaker, but the "motor" ran for a couple of minutes? I don't think anyone has tried doing this. Two possible methods come to mind:

    Method 1:

    1. Let two or more magnets N and S poles attract towards each other.
    2. While the gap between is narrow, slightly demagnetize one or both poles.
    3. Let them coast apart by inertia, then repeat.
    4. They speed up, driven by a small average force. Magnets lose energy.
    Method 2:
    1. Let the alike-poles of two or more magnets repel progressively apart.
    2. While the gap is wide, slightly demagnetize one or both poles.
    3. Let them coast together again by inertia, then repeat.
    4. They speed up, driven by a small average force. Magnets lose energy.

    Set up a rotating carrier to repeat the above process. Probably repulsion version #2 is easier because of the wider gap.

    In other words, weaken the magnets at the bottom of the PE energy-hill. Such a wheel should spin faster and faster. On each cycle, the magnets interact first to give the wheel a strong kick. But during the trip back out, the magnet force is weaker, so the opposite kick doesn't cancel out and stop the wheel. The wheel spins, even against friction. Magnets are the fuel! :) Of course they can only supply a few joules total before the "fuel" is gone and the wheel grinds to a halt.

    But it takes energy to scramble the ferro domains and demagnetize. Any sort of demagnetizer will, yes, extract energy, but it also acts as a brake. So, the real question is, can the energy extracted during demagnetization of one big magnet be used both to drive the wheel against friction, and also to operate the demagnetizer-mechanism? Perhaps we'd demagnetize a very very thin stripe on a large magnet face; and move to a different stripe every cycle. Or better, demagnetize a tiny round spot, with the demagnetizer being moved randomly each time until eventually it hits every possible spot and the magnet strength is zero.



    Got picked up by Phil Plait's Bad Astronomy, then by APOD Astronomy Picture of the Day on my idea that Leaping Sundogs might be caused by thunderstorm electrostatics.




    People on Make blog talking about XKCD hyperstereo video system. Hmmmm... just do it with software. I shoot L-R stereo pairs out the plane windows during trips, and I've wished for a piece of sw to convert my videos of slowly-passing landscape into realtime 3D. Think: if your cross-country plane trip is at 500MPH, that's 730fps, so if you play two copies of your video with a 1-sec delay, that creates a hyperstereo pair where your eyeballs are 730ft apart. Basically YOUR HEAD IS 1000 FEET WIDE. No problems with camera alignment, just hold the camera still while shooting. Position the two video playback frames adjacent on your monitor. If the footage was shot from the other side of the plane, then view it in crosseye instead of straight. Or do a red/blue anaglyph process, then prevent inside-out images by having a checkbox for L-R swap. Add a slidepot to move fast-forward or reverse in the video. That slides your giant head from side to side over the tiny landscape. Add another slidepot to vary the time delay between the two images (to vary the size of your Big Giant Head.)



    Got picked up by FORGETOMORI.COM on my idea that Leaping Sundogs might be caused by thunderstorm electrostatics. Certain types of UFOs are explained. Foster & Hallett found that suspended ice micro crystals respond to .5V/mm electrostatic fields, and become totally aligned at only 10V/cm field strength. Ice crystals coming near a 9V battery cannot help but line up like iron filings! Also picked up by The Anomalist


    06/25/2011   Updated UNUSUAL PHENOMENA REPORTS. Lots of vanishing objects, Ball Lightning, hypnagogic paralysis, and funny weather. And the usual huge population of "Electric People."  

    06/09/2011   Video: Turn DigiKey catalogs into mushrooms!           more vids      future vids
    (A proposal only, not a complete project.) As the project becomes more real, I'll put the instructions on this mushroom webpage.


    03/18/2011   A new section here: Indie Animation Archive. As with physvids, basically I imported my YT playlist into html.


    Usta be you'd get slashdotted or MeFi'd. Nowadays you get Cracked.comded! Trafficwaves vid just saw 145K hits in a couple of days because of one extremely brief mention buried on the second page of this one on Cracked below. It also spread to reddit, i-am-bored, facebook. Wow, what would that have traffic number been if it was an obvious link at the top of the Cracked article? Cockbite!
        6 things that daily annoy you explained by science (p2)


    01/25/2011   Another video collection: Flir thermal IR cameras In particular see the "GasFindIR" stuff about halfway down the page. These cameras see gasoline as black ink with smoke pouring off! Finally, a thermal camera which actually detects ...human methane.  

       CNN: Online Science Competition! Google announces Global Science Fair. Grand prize is a $50,000 scholarship, 10 days in Galapagos with NatGeo, several others. You do need to be a fulltime student 13y to 18y.  

    12/15/2010   The coilgen science project now has a FAQ: building hamster generators, wind power, or just vastly increasing the feeble half-volt AC output.  


    Braaaaaaaaainstorm: ant-trail engineering.
    I once interfered with an ant trail by placing a couple feet of masking tape right along the trail location (after blowing the ants off to the side.) Hours later the trail had reconnected, and ants were flowing along the tape strip. DOH! That's a portable ant trail! What would have happened if I thought to peel it off and put it back reversed? The "direction to food" and "direction home" scent codes would be all screwy. Or I could form a square of the tape, pour some captured ants onto it, and they'd rush in circles as they look for food that's always just ahead. Make more of the "trail tape" and write my name in ant patterns.


    11/16/2010   Added lots more to Odd Physics videos, including successful replication of anti-chirp time reversed water fountain.  



    Scott Adams is talking about "crazy eyes" over on Dilbert blog. I've done that! Often when I'm working for long periods under polyphasic sleep schedule, and getting into that hypomanic idea-spewing region, I'll scare myself by looking in the mirror: my eyes are WIDE. Eyelids not touching iris, I can see the scelera above and below. Crap, is that how everyone sees me?! Yep. But my eyes feel normal at the time, if a bit cold. Crazy Eyes is automatic. wtf.

    If I next watch the mirror and squint my eyes on purpose; forcing them to look like a normal person's eyes, then they feel warm and half-closed as if I'm sleepy. But in the mirror, the crazy eyes are now gone. HEY that's it! While I'm in high creativity "flow mode," I'm really really awake, and my perceptual world is embedded in my entire peripheral visual field, and not just staring narrowly with central vision. Perhaps it's akin to looking frightened. Fear does the same. (In order to detect approaching dangers, fear makes us pull our eyelids back so they don't block peripheral vision as much.) When terrified you don't necessarily roll your eyes, but when your eyelids are that wide open, any glancing to the side will expose the whites of your eyes. VERY noticeable to onlookers. (So when I then go out in public, I have to make sure to intentionally squint and pretend to look sleepy!)

    Also, I've noticed that if I can manage to adopt "crazy eyes" for a considerable period, sometimes it kicks in and pushes me into the high-creativity mental state. This seems to be akin to the "frowning makes you angry" phenomenon. Even better than simply widening your eyes, is to walk outdoors with fixed gaze at the horizon, while "staring" at objects all throughout your peripheral vision. You put yourself into the Omnimax Steady-cam visual world. Then you don't have to attempt to think outside the box, since you *are* outside the box. So just start jabbering ideas into your mp3 recorder while walking down the sidewalk ...and watch all the oncoming pedestrians crossing the street to avoid you. crazy eyes!

    Sheer speculation: ancient tribes might survive better if their members had evolved to display certain unconscious instinctual facial expressions.

    For example, the look of feverish sickness says "stay away, infection danger." If instead all the sick tribal members looked perfectly normal, your whole tribe might get infected. They couldn't avoid the sick one. So also the wide-eyed crazed/fearful expression warns your community to all back off and avoid any unexpected behavior from Crazy Eyes person. The automatic facial sign would evolve, but also our visual sensitivity to those signs would increase. Rolling whites-of-eyes look "scary," but at the same time, the genuine scary people become instinctually programmed to automatically display the whites-of-eyes expression.

    Imagine what might happen if ancient heavily-armed and mentally unstable humans didn't display any outward sign that they'd consumed large quantities of alkaloid plants or mushrooms or alcohol? ...or they'd just gone without any sleep for two weeks?! Could be bad. When I've put myself into an extreme creative state, I'll notice that my eyes feel cold. Wide open lids are exposing more eye surface. Nowadays I always notice this, and I think to myself "Yep, automatic tribe member craziness-warning system been activated again."

    Polyphasic Sleep: it's the Ayahuasca version of "getting demented from staying up all night working." Known probable users: Edison, Picasso, Tesla.


    10/29/2010   Added months of messages to the Main Guestbook  



    Early last century William James noted that whenever two people meet, there are really six people present.

    There is each as he sees himself, each as the other person sees him, and each as he really is. Times two.

    James stopped too early though! :) There is also the false facade-self we each try to present to the other person (rather than the ones we really are, or the ones we believe we are.) So eight people total. RD Laing then discovered: since there is the version of you that the other person sees when they look at you, therefore if you can predict accurately how their perceptions of you differ from your desired facade, this knowledge lets you take appropriate small actions to tweak their viewpoint into perceiving the facade-self you wish to project. The actual facade is an imperfect version of the desired facade. So... ten people!

    Then we have the RD Laing spiral: you imagine that the other person is noticing you perceive a warped version of themselves, but the other person is smart enough to realize that you're trying to predict what you're seeing them see you see, so next they try to predict what you think they think you think they think you think that they're seeing. That way they can use this prediction and try to fool you into thinking that you've successfully fooled them into seeing you in the way that you wish, when in reality the fooler is being led on a merry chase by a devious opponent who correctly guessed their thinking. But also you suspect that this is happening! So you let them go on thinking that they've fooled you into imagining that you've fooled them.


    In other words ...once the human brain has evolved mirror-neurons, you can point them at each other to form an infinite tunnel of repeated reflections.


    8/25/2010   Just received my DIY electroluminescent lamp kit with conductive ITO glass and various Dupont EL inks. Now we'll see if Zinc Sulfide glow-paint works better than Zinc Sulfide t-shirt ink. And also make some EL wire  

    8/24/2010   Added lots more to Odd Physics videos Someone successfully fired a propane smoke ring at a distant flame! Also: DON'T SWALLOW (drinking liquid nitrogen.)  

    08/24/2010   On frequent questions in the "traffic waves" sections, I added:  

    07/22/2010   Does 'Amateur Science' pay? Well, I just checked, and see that I've made $110,000 from the website since 2004. Not enough to "quit your day job," but it pays for kids education and takes a big bite out of the rent.  

    When negative-index materials first were announced, I realized that I could make a cool optics exhibit for a science museum ...without using any (non-existent) negative-refraction materials. The key idea is to embed a low-refraction material within a sea of high-refraction material. Don't use exotic photonic crystals ...instead just do it under water, using bubbles. Or use water blobs placed witin heavy syrup, or in jello. A blob of water in some thick gelatin will have a lower I.R. than its surroundings. So try this:

    Coat a small model of "stealth" aircraft with a layer of weak gelatin. Immerse it in a small tank of very dense gelatin, and allow it to harden. Now when viewed against a white background the aircraft should appear much smaller than it really is. That's the "cloaking" effect: where the axial rays still strike the hidden object, but off-axis rays are bent away, causing the object to optically shrink in size. If the effect is strong enough, the "un-magnifying glass" becomes very strong, and a fairly huge object can appear as a tiny dust speck.

    01/08/2010   BLOG: I'm moving this page to Wordpress. /amblog/ By hand. Gah. But finally people can post comments, subscribe to feed, etc. [NO I'M NOT! WITHIN DAYS IT FILLED WITH MALWARE. IT WAS GLOBAL, THE FAMOUS 2010 WORDPRESS BREACH. UMM, I THINK I'LL HAVE TO USE SOME OTHER SW INSTEAD.]  

    12/12/2009   VIDEOS: Odd Physics, a large collection of vid embeds. Very cool and strange stuff I found on youtube over the years.  

    11/12/2009   Yes, our hosting ISP just had major troubles. was down for more than 24 hours.  


    I always wondered what the transmitter antenna looked like for OTH megawatt broadband shortwave radar. It's HAARP, but built on a gigantic vertical wall! See photos of the defunct rusting 'Steelyard' Duga3 transmitter in Russia



    Years ago I was explaining rainbow optics ...and also explaining thunderstorm dynamics. I stumbled across a strange idea: shouldn't the electrostatic fields in thunderstorms have a visible effect on rainbows? E-fields should slightly distort falling raindrops, causing the light distribution of a rainbow to change slightly. We should notice that a rainbow suddenly "flicks" during a lightning bolt, then slowly changes to its initial pattern as the e-fields build before another strike.

    I just heard from LH and JB on youtube about three videos apparently showing this in action! But it's not rainbows. Instead it's suspended ice crystals or mist droplets condensing just above a rising thunderhead, brightly back-lit by the sun. Take a look:

    Rather than distortions of droplets, perhaps these are " sundogs" or parhelia light patterns caused by aligned ice crystals. A changing e-field could rotate all the ice plates or columns, causing the sundog to suddenly change shape and position. Or less likely, perhaps some condensing droplets are changing size under e-field influence (condensation rate of small droplets is known to be altered by strong electrostatic fields.)

    I just heard that relatively tiny e-field of 10V/mm will totally align suspended ice crystals. Storm fields are far stronger, so "leaping sundogs" should be quite common. See foster/hallett paper via Google Scholar search.



    Brainstorm! The year 2012's the Mayan Y2K disaster!
    We think it's something special when our car odometer goes from 99,999 to 100,000. But the Mayans weren't using base ten. "Just one 30-ton calender stone should be all anyone ever needs?" Yeah, right. They forgot that we gotta carve a new one every 5125 years. And all of the small local governments need copies of heiroglyphic codex notices and string-knot memos to make it official. What a pain. Worst case, the whole civilization comes to a stop because nobody can figure out how to write dates on new legal documents! Better buy a lot of beef jerky and obsidian, then move way up into the hills until the disaster is over.



    You've heard of Nikola Tesla's "Death Ray?" Well actually that was one of his later, more unimportant inventions. There was another very different Ray which came first. It was birthed before 1892, and it formed the basis of many of his fantastic claims. It was an invention on par with the transistor, or the laser, or perhaps the wheel. But Tesla decided that it might destroy society, like "giving knives to infants" in his words. The secret is now mostly lost, but fortunately he left many clues behind. Look at the art accompanying his 1899-era articles. Those may not be searchlights.


    12/03/2008   Video: Evil Santa's Workshop '08           more vids      future vids

    Dorkbot's mutant toys workshop, making give-aways for Santarchy's Santacon 2009. Barbies need octopus heads.


    08/06/2008   Video: Dry ice music           more vids      future vids

    Dry ice CO2 gas pushes it instantly away from warm metal. Place it against a metal plate, and it howls. But the metal cools down and it stops. Here's a mechanical solution.


    I KICK MYSELF!!! You know the physics-demo where you cause a thin mylar ring to fly by electrostatic repulsion? Rub a balloon on your head, then the mylar strip hovers high in the air? Well someone figured it out: build a wand-shaped VandeGraaff generator. Probably the charged rubber band is enough. I was looking right at it, but didn't see it. That thing's now toy of the year, sold at Educational Innovations, Thinkgeek and elsewhere. Arrrrg.



    I was tired of seeing interesting Tesla science topics be thrown off the coilers' forums. I've finally got ambitious and started a new email forum: tesla-experimental

    How did Wardenclyffe broadcast a 100Hz Schumann frequency using a tens-KHz resonant transmitter? A 100Hz resonant coil would be far,far larger than the Wardenclyffe tower. Brainstorm: use a Tesla Coil as if the entire device were a HVDC power supply! "Discharge" your TC through a spark-gap to excite an external low-freq tank circuit.
    IT WORKS! I used a spark gap to step an 800KHz coil down by 20x to give 40KHz output. The output is a slow spike of alternating polarity which produces a square-wave output, while the output resonator changes the spike into a sine wave. The two coils locked together coherently; a Victorian Phase-Locked-Loop. So if the Earth is our output resonator, and we place a spark-gap in series with the output of the huge Extra coil, we've created a 100Hz square wave transmitter which automatically locks on to a Schumann absorption line. Or change the spark gap's width to select most any other Schumann line.



    I haven't heard of others succeeding with Nyle Steiner's discovery of home-built semiconductor devices. I tried it myself last year and it worked the first time. Maybe I was lucky to grab the right parts? Also, I inspected the V/I graph using a curve-tracer, so I could see which resistor values might work. For my version I hooked these parts in series:

    1. 9V battery
    2. Resistor, try 680ohm to 2K
    3. 25mH toroid coil, 5 ohms
    4. 0.1uF capacitor
    5. cheap stereo headphone (one side)

    The LC resonance is around 2KHz. I hooked the "burned zinc" device between the 680ohm resistor and the far end of the loudspeaker. When I probed it with a wire, I heard "tinks" at 2KHz as expected (shorting the current-limited supply causes the LC to briefly ring.) But when I poked certain spots in the burned crust, VERY LOUD oscillation. Too loud for headphones. Very cool: a sinewave generator with no transistors. I'll take it to the Weird Science Salon tomorrow night.


    09/04/2008   SECRET OF WARDENCLYFFE?

    No one seems to know just how N. Tesla was going to use his high freq Magnifying Transmitter to broadcast at VLF/ELF frequencies. 100KHz or 50KHz won't excite any Schumann global resonances. But if we can manage to see through Tesla's eyes, the answer is fairly obvious.


    It's my daughter Lillian's birthday. Hey, take a look at a "dress up" she made, also lots more of her stuff on Deviantart. Pretty good for a high school kid! (Heh, she'll probably make me delete this.)



    I realized I could calculate the maximum thrust for an electrostatic Lifter. I just assume that the ion receiver is flat, and it's getting a maximum e-field of 30KV/cm. Also, the energy stored in a capacitor at a certain voltage is the same as the work done in pulling the plates apart. So, the max lifting force in LBS is:
     Newtons/M^2 = 0.5 * (3e6)^2 * 8.9e-12
            = 40.1 Nt/M^2
            = 10-3/4 lbs per square yard
    So it looks like the Electrostatic Lifters are less like helicopters and more like helium balloons... except their thrust is proportional to area, not volume. Very bad. For example, a 10ft flying disk could *ideally* produce 65lbs max lift. If we want to build a Hugo Gernsback flying futuristic city- in- the- sky, it would be much better off with giant propellers or hydrogen chambers.

    08/03/2008   Video: Make your own liquid nitrogen           more vids      future vids

    Dry ice and 99% rubbing alcohol form "poor man's liquid nitrogen," a cryo-liquid which instantly freezes flowers. Perform many LN2 demonstrations: quick-freeze fruit, rubber balls, etc.


    I wonder if Quantum Mechanics stops existing if nobody is watching?


    07/28/2008   Video: Traffic Jam           more vids      future vids

    It's fairly easy to erase part of the left-lane traffic jam on I-5 just south of Seattle. Sometimes a single driver can wipe out the whole thing.


    In the above video, the jam forms when people in the left-lane all pack together and try to block all merging drivers. Next, cars coming in from I-90 then force their way in, down at the exit ramp far ahead, which halts the flow. Who's at fault? The close-packed drivers in the left lane are probably trying to "block cheaters." The I-90 cars are not cheating; they had no chance to get into the clogged lane, so they probably feel justified in bulling their way in. But if just one driver lets in five or ten cars, often the whole jam unplugs and flows freely. So, whenever early merging is possible, then nobody forces their way in and halts the flow, so the jam evaporates. And whenever the jam is gone, then early merging becomes easy, so traffic keeps flowing. [Note: dense traffic moves at about one car per second, so if you let ten cars in ahead of you, your commute will become TEN SECONDS LONGER, OH THE HUMANITY! To shorten your commute by only a few percent, you'd have to pass at least fifty other cars. Highway traffic is not like a line at the cash register where every single person ahead of you represents many minutes of delay. And anyone not already in line ...they can't drive backwards to politely find the start of the queue. Yet most drivers won't even let a single car in ahead of them, and they get angry if someone else does it.]


    07/14/2008   Video: Abrasion holograms           more vids      future vids

    I've made a few more videos: scratch holograms, magnet beads, Asian seed drink wind tunnel, soda/ultrasound fountain.


    In 1993 early internet days I looked around the vast empty space and decided to become "Johnny Apple-meme" to try to trigger some infectious ideas in any normal people who dare to come use this "www" thing. Some ideas were my own invention, while others were just cool things I'd found in obscure articles. Let's see how they're doing:

    • Intentionally creating new generation of science nerds 1993
      Since the Scientific American ended their column "The Amateur Scientist," and Popular Electronics magazine died off again, the kids of the 1990s have no chances to encounter any wicked-cool DIY science hacks. Our whole culture is going to be taken over again by sports and TV shows, with all the nerds hiding out in libraries and in 90s sw startups. What can be done? (Actually I just want to turn lots of kids into loner-weirdo physics-geeks.) Hey, this "internet" thing might be big. Nobody knows about it! Since I'm here early before everyone else, and since the entire www is boring and empty, I can post articles on the best science projects I've encountered. My site should end up as some of the only interesting "content" on the entire 1992 internet. Porn isn't available yet, so they'll have to come to me for twisted online entertainment! With luck, maybe HUNDREDS of kids will find these physics DIY projects and become infected with science geekery. Neo magnets! Scratch holograms! Leaf blower hovercraft! Electrostatic pop bottle motor! Maybe more than just hundreds.
    • Millions of fanatical Nikola Tesla worshippers
      As a kid I was one of these myself. Tesla fanatic, 1970s, seeing those vacuum-tube T.C. projects in ancient magazines, but not enough allowance-money to buy parts. (Made a 1" spark using a flyback xformer, when I was 12.) Now, if my website is going to attract vast numbers of innocent little kids doing science fair projects, I can infect them all with Nikola Tesla, introducing them to a whole resource page about some unknown Serbian high-voltage weird inventor which early-1990s internet has never heard about. Get them all subscribing to T.C.B.A and Pupman forum. Ooops, it worked far better than I expected. Exponential growth yknow. Nowadays I'm more of a Tesla-skeptic myself, but faced with ravening hoards of fanatical Tesla Worshippers, a religion I helped create. Sorry about that everybody.
    • Aware of your Skull. Skull Awareness!
      In a very old Peanuts cartoon, Lucy causes Linus to become aware of his tongue. Then he can't turn it off again. When making faces in the mirror one day I accidentally made myself aware of my own skull. It took quite a while before I was back to normal. But I could also talk with an echo, cross one eye, and make smoke come out of my mouth. I started collecting these "little kid mental techniques." The list became very long. When the internet came along, I realized that the same good things that happened to my own brain... could be put inside YOUR brain too!
    • Goldenrod pH paper 1987
      While at Museum of Science I heard from Roy G.'s chemist brother that Galaxy Gold paper uses Direct Yellow 4 dye, a pH indicator which turns red in alkaline, just like phenolphthaline does. This fulfilled an old childhood dream, where litmus paper could be cheap enough to have vast sheets of it (they only gave us one or two strips in Elmira chem class, too expensive.) Write with wet vinegar fingers, or baking-soda! By being involved with Dawkins' "memes" and infectious textbook errors at the time (1988,) I tried to engineer a "positive disease," a chem-edu virus. (I wanted it to compete with vinegar/baking-soda volcanoes in all science fairs.) I distributed a list of Goldenrod Paper tricks via MOS in 1988, also had the MOS floor demos using it for instant acid-rain tricks. Didn't spread though. When Gopher sites turned into html in 1993 I saw my chance, and put my old Galaxy Gold demos list online ...then never promoted it. Meme test! How far would it spread, all under its own power, just from a single "handout sheet" on It took over the chem-teaching community! Spread by itself from just one source (I avoided promoting it, never included it on youtube channel, etc.) The viral "signature" was preserved as it spread: various secret writing techniques, the 9V battery trick, the ammonia vapor tricks, the "DNA test strips" w/baking soda. Years later Teachersource discovered that it's the same as Turmeric (yellow turmeric spice turns magenta in alkaline!) "Saffron" cloth in India, and Vermillion dye is actually yellos goldenrod paper, Buddhist and Tibetan robes can switch between gold and magenta, Direct Yellow 4 is a water-soluble variant of Diferuloylmethane (curcumin, turmeric.) The traditional red forehead spot in India would be yellow if alkaline paste from ground-up seashells wasn't included. Yellow turmeric ice-cream turns red if sprayed with Windex. So does yellow mustard.
    • Ball Lightning 5/1996
      "BL" is an infamous physics phenomenon: denied and scoffed at by the entire science community until the mid-1980s, then treated as real-but-irreproducible mystery. I posted an entire page of links, articles, and a pro literature search printout. Hey, maybe if I can get the garage science crowd to mess with it, then some hobbyist will make the breakthrough and create it on demand. Then guys on vortex-L figured out how to make microwave oven Plasmoids on demand. That did it; interest soared (although microwave Plasmoids probably aren't thunderstorm BLs, those seem to be Giant Welding Spatter, an incandescent-hot aerogel made from metal ions and air.)
    • Lifting-Force Misconception 1996
      At MOS Boston we had a small pushbutton windtunnel w/movable airfoil ...with the wrong explanation of lifting force. I'd been vaguely aware of some sort of problem with these explanations, and argued about it with Larry Bell, the exhibits director. Then in 1990 I saw Weltner's correct explanation in AJP American Journal of Physics and in "The Physics Teacher." In 1996 I decided to force this issue: introducing it on PHYS-L and spreading the debate to all the Usenet newsgroups. Jan-Olov Newborg was a fellow troublemaker. We pushed and pushed the issue of misconceptions, got it into everyone's faces, triggered repeated flamewars on the RC-modelers and professional pilot forums. My airfoil misconception page attracted much traffic. I found Jeff Raskin's treatment of the issue, and Gail Craig's book. Then Anderson/Eberhardt took it up with their paper, then wrote an entire intro textbook. Pilots started photographing the vortex-downwash penetrating cloud layers. Online I met the author of the NASA GRC education site and, during a big nasty (private) fight between three physicists, apparently convinced him to deeply research the issue and to post misconception-fighting articles on the NASA site. Soon major news services picked it up! NYT, NPR Discover Magazine, several piloting magazines. It went exponential. Note again that this one was not my invention. I was just "Weltner's bulldog."

      LATEST: After looking at it for years, I slowly see that a second hidden misconception is behind all this. It infects fluid dynamics experts and aircraft designers. It's this: an airfoil section is ALWAYS IN GROUND-EFFECT MODE, because it's an infinitely wide wing, so it applies instant direct-force to the ground, and the ground applies identical up-force on the wing. A 2D airfoil in a flow-diagram is an example of GEM flight, where the airfoil rides upon a pressure-bubble, and no work is performed (no engine required) ...but real airplanes fly in a totally different manner. Real airplanes hover via propulsion; behaving like helicopters: pulling air in from all directions, then launching it downwards, encased in a shell of "vorticity," and injecting work into those moving parcels of air. Airplanes (and helicopters) fly by actively launching a stream of "smoke-rings" flying downwards, and they receive an upwards kick. "Aircraft flight originates in vortex-shedding." So, any lifting-force explanation which shows a 2D airfoil section inherently wrong. It blatantly violates Newton's 3rd. It removes the propulsion and instead silently replaces it with a venturi, involving instant-action against the distant ground-surface. Also, it's only explaining a "WIG-craft," explaining an infinitely-wide venturi which is infinitely close to the ground and sky, and which can never fly high enough to escape ground-effect mode of flight. Real wings hover because of momentum-conservation, real wings produce vertical propulsion, but every textbook removed this! Wow. And seemingly nobody anywhere ever discusses the issue. Closest are discussions involving "starting vortex," but they always drown in details and never touch on ground-effect flight versus 3D flight based on vortex-shedding. Humming birds, bumble bees, and aircraft, they fly by vortex shedding, by launching a mass-bearing collimated jet downwards, not by infinite airfoils with upper and lower flow velocity and no wing-tips or vortex-shedding allowed.

      EVEN LATER LATEST: Weltner discovered the origin of the "grade school misconception" or "transit time fallacy." It was Prandtl, in a 1921 NACA article. Prandtl's flaws are buried behind a wall of diff-eqs, and won't be discovered by those who ignore Feynman's instructions regarding "experts," and who worship authorities rather than questioning them. And so, Prandtl apparently has made another enormous error: his lifting-line theory "horse shoe diagram," if it extends out parallel to the ground, is wrong. If it isn't tilted, with moving vorticies going downwards, then it violates Newton's 3rd as well as momentum conservation. So, when an aircraft flies over a wide layer of ground fog, is the vortex-wake tilted, so it descends and carves a slot in the fog? Or does it do as Prandtl says, and extend straight back horizontally, with no descending vortices? (Eh, perhaps it wasn't Prandtl himself that screwed it all up. If later authors remove the small tilt of the horseshoe diagram, they may think they're just simplifying it, when in reality they've missed the whole point, and have eliminated the vortex-shedding effect which produces an upwards force!) If the horse-shoe diagram is horizontal, the vorticity becomes zero, and the wing-tip vorticies vanish entirely. 3D flight is based on vortex-shedding. 2D flight is based on venturi instantaneous forces, called "ground-effect flight."

    • Simple DIY electric generator 1988
      Back at MOS Boston I saw several articles about the ultra-simple electric motor (today known as Beakman's motor.) Well, what about an equivalent generator? Robert Oppenheimer at Exploratorium had built one using magnetron magnets and a pancake coil. I messed around and found that a pile of 3" loudspeaker magnets shoved into a one-lb coil of #24 magnet wire could easily light a one-volt #48 bulb. Internet later came along and still nobody had spread the word on DIY ultra-simple electric generators. Looks like it's up to me. In 1996 I sat down and figured out a design using cardboad, tape, and common parts from Radio Shack. Wooeee, did that one ever take off. Right now (2010) it's the most popular page on my site, and the youtube generator vid is well past a million views.
    • Steel wool, instead of iron-filings 1988
      Back at MOS Boston I started developing a 3D magnetic field display. It would use thick oil and iron filings. Wouldn't work! Iron filings are far to large and dense. After much testing I discovered that steel wool of "OOOO"-grade, if chopped fine with scissors, would remain suspended for quite a while. In a large tank, a fluid pump could keep it going. But then we never used this in an exhibit. I did make a hand-held version for our Science Kits project. Baby oil bottles, with labels soaked off and one side painted white. I melted the squirt-hole closed, then wrapped black electrical tape around the caps, so little kids wouldn't make a mess. Then, internet. In ?1997? I posted it as a science fair project on Science Hobbyist. No takers. It attracted very little attention. Ten years later I finally posted a Youtube version. Don't make a tank, just find baby oil where you can remove the paper label. Don't use iron filings, use steel wool. My idea has spread all over the place.
    • Leaf-blower hovercrafts 1989
      I saw an article on "human air hockey pucks" in Physics Teacher magazine. Rather than letting physics teachers have all the fun, I started pushing it via Jim B's science outreach company. (I modified the plans: moved the holes to near-center, since the original pattern made the plastic bubble explode!) I was hoping to post the plans via Gopher hypertext on something called "The Internet," but fortunately the WWW appeared, so I didn't have to figure out how Gopher works. The science fair community became infected by those plans, and now leaf-blower hovercrafts are competing with volcanos and solar-system models to be the most common science fair project. Yes, it really does lift an entire crowd of high-school kids. In 2004 the Mythbusters tried to "bust" it, see episode 17 "Levitation machine."
    • Flowing "Electricity" as copper metal's own electrons 1988
      Back in my days at Museum of Science in Boston, I was working on K6 science textbooks for Holt/Rinehart/Winston, and also designing devices for our inhouse Electricity/Electronics exhibit. Based on my vast collection of student misconceptions taken from those K6 textbooks, I worked out a cure: a brain-hurting alternate vision of electricity. Well, not really "alternate," since it was taken right out of basic undergrad physics and E&M texts, with their math models translated into simple verbal descriptions. Compared to the distorted stuff in K12 textbooks, mine was certainly Alternate. But unlike the gradeschool stuff, my version is just like university physics: it actually hangs together and makes sense. Not just a list of disconnected Important Facts to memorize. Now that the internet suddenly has appeared, how many other minds will pick up my infection. After all, once we finally "see" electricity, CANNOT UN-SEE!
    • Neodymium Supermagnets 1994
      While working on science exhibits in 1992 we had some large, dangerous "neodymium" magnets. I'd worked with tiny SmCo supermagnets, and these Neos were the same. But they were cheap! There were all sorts of weird new physics demonstrations you could perform. But the magnets were only available from China imports Tridus International. When Gopher changed into Web in 1993, I started pushing this as science fair projects. I posted a big list of suggested demos and flogged my URL all over the newsgroups, and particularly PHYS-L and TAP-L forums. Arbor Scientific then started selling cm-sized magnets for only five bucks, so soon the public could start messing with these. The word started spreading. Then Wondermagnet started selling them. Then Eng-concepts. Wow, this one took off like wildfire. Would it still have happened if nobody intentionally contaminated the online amateur science community with neodymium?
    • Scientists don't actually use "The Scientific Method." 1999
      Because of my textbook consulting work, I'm very familar with the bogus "Scientifc Method" being promoted by those publishers. That stuff about hypothesis-experiment-conclusion? It doesn't exist. Real scientists don't work that way. There's lots of articles about this, but nobody gathers them together in one place online. They're too dilute, and have no impact. If I add a small "scientific method" section, maybe I can light a few fires and get some changes happening. Aha, it begins. A small war erupts on Wikipedia definition of The Scientific Method. William McComas encounters wild success from his 1996 "Ten Myths of Science." LOL the AAAS itself has turned against 'scientific method.' It's being replaced by NOS, "Nature of Science." How far will it go? McComas is now ?head? of the NSTA, editing The Science Teacher. Scientific Method becomes the enemy, all the grade school textbooks are turning against it! Amazing.
    • Neodymium sphere-magnet beads toy 2001
      The neo magnets craze caught fire. Can I do it again, a different one? Well, as part of Seattle Weird Sci. Salon we make bulk purchases for the group. One popular item has been supermagnets. In this case, our bulk purchase had an interesting result. In the late 1990s, Dan and Dan at Wondermag invented the supermagnet sphere, and started selling 1/4" version. Round supermagnets had no use ...but since I was buying them in bulk, I quickly discovered that supermagnet balls were amazing in large quantities. The 0.25" magnets cost over a dollar each, so nobody but me was able to play with hundreds of them at once. I was making Bucky-spheres, nanotubes, and finding cool patterns possible using long chains. These would be a hot-selling toy item, and I showed them to one toy company but they weren't interested. Way too expensive, and far too dangerous as a toy for little kids. Eventually the price came down enough that a hundred magnets didn't cost $100, so everyone at Weird Science Salon bought globs of them (mostly as adult xmas gifts!)

      I realized that I didn't have ambition to start a company selling them. They're not a toy for little kids. Also, way too much work: mainly a fulltime job of packaging and mailing. So I finally decided not to patent the magnet-beads puzzle toy, but instead, break secrecy and put the idea in the PD (public domain.) I could use them as an "internet meme." How far would they spread? I decided to test the waters by describing them on my own Neodemo page around 2001. Nope, nobody noticed. Years later in 2004 I split off a webpage just for neo spheres. Nope, nuthin'. I started selling them at the yearly Mike and Key ham radio fleamarket, and later at my table at Freemont Sunday Market (see 2:23 in the vid). No matter how cool they are, they just don't attract attention.

      Finally towards the end of 2006 I posted some youtube videos. Still nothing. Nobody notices. Apparently some "seeds" are too small, and just won't sprout! You can't light a forest fire with matches that go out.

      Then in March 2008 I posted the coolest secret: making BUCKYBALLS, a Buckminster Fullerene sphere. Apparently that triggered it! The "neocube" video was posted on youtube, and suddenly the idea caught fire all over the place. A few months later there were Neocubes and Cybercubes and QQmag and Magcube and Magbead and Buckyballs and Cubercube and Nanodots, and many un-trademarked magnet blobs on eBay (none patentable you see! I put it into in the public domain, anyone can pick a new product name and start selling them.) FINALLY at long last there's a valid purpose for spherical supermagnets. They even might end up outselling all other shapes. Probably the sales-volume in spheres is supporting entire towns in China. But still ...they're lethally dangerous for little kids, and unless the price comes down, they're still too expensive for giant toy companies to show interest. The indie toy companies can go wild, with no Mattels or Hasbros coming in to take over everything.

    • Imaginary power is not imaginary, it's just vibratory 1994
      Just after moving to Seattle, I was working on exhibit devices for museum-physics, when I stumbled on a cool idea. How do we explain AC Complex energy flows, imaginary power, reactive wattage? GET RID OF THE MATH! When connecting a capacitor to an AC power line, first the energy flows leftwards and the capacitor gets charged, then on the next half-cycle the energy flows right and the capacitor is discharged (and the capacitor must be driving the dynamo, speeding it up a tiny bit.) But with resistors, the energy always flows leftwards all the time. The energy rate is not "imaginary," it's just going back and forth! But this gets missed in our AC network analysis classes, because AC is already a back-forth effect. Except it's only the charges which wiggle, while the AC-energy is a wave which races in one direction, from source to load only. When the ENERGY also starts wiggling back and forth, with zero average flow into the distant load, that's pure "reactive" power. That means, for your KWh meter on the side of your house, the aluminum disk doesn't halt for imaginary power, instead it wiggles violently back and forth at 60Hz, rather than turning slowly in a single direction. (These ideas are more easily grasped using capacitors, and square-wave drive rather than sine. But inductors do it too, if we pretend that our coil is made from zero-ohm wire.) I spread this idea all around on "science question" sites, Stackexchange and the old ones in much earlier times online.
    • Electric Circuit Mechanical Analogy 1986
      While consulting for Holt/Rinehart I considered the typical hydraulic analogy to explain electric circuits. I found a better one: electricity is like the molecules in a loop of rope wrapped around pulleys. It's like the rubber of a conveyor belt: when the drive roller turns, all the other rollers turn as well. When internet came along, I started pushing this analogy all over Usenet forums. It slowly caught on. Then I came up with another version: electricity is like a rubber bicycle tire: push it in one place, and all the rubber must turn as one. The bike-tire meme leaped to the "Ask Beakman" science cartoon in Sunday newspapers! All circuits are ALREADY FULL OF ELECTRICITY. And "conductor" means "contains mobile charge." A single electron, if it's free to move, is a conductor. Same with mobile protons. Look around the www today, and see how far these ideas have spread.
    • Bare-hand bottle smash: IT'S CAVITATION!(1989)
      At MOS Boston I worked out a water-cavitation demo for classrooms: if you whack a can of beans on top, it goes "snap!" But if you whack it gently snap. In the near-vacuum contents there are bubbles of hard vacuum opening up and then slamming shut. The same works with glass jars of spaghetti sauce. Also with vacuum-packed bottles of orange juice. Finally I found that if you're demonstrating the onset of cavitation to everyone at work, and you're hitting a glass bottle of juice over and over with increasing violence, first you get the "snap." Then you get a missing bottom! Orange juice splashes all over the office! A perfect glass disk is left behind.

      Years later I heard about the beer-bottle smash trick. Whack a beer bottle hard enough, and the bottom pops out. Ah, but I knew the secret. With beer you need a weak bottle and it barely works, since CO2 effervescence fills the cavitation spaces almost instantly, which provides a cushion. Do it with water. Do it with "de-gassed" water that's been sitting around for hours (or that you've previously boiled.) Works like a charm. Even very thick glass bottles can be smashed.

      While showing someone the "Ragu Sauce snap effect" I noticed a silver flash. Hey. CAVITATION IS VISIBLE. Ooo, I gotta make a vacuum bottle to capture this effect. Found an easy way to do this. Works great. The cavitation is slowed, so you can see it by eye, no high-speed camera needed. So I made a youtube video to introduce the beer-bottle phenomenon, then to show closeups of silver pockets of cavitation which cause it.

      Lol, right away it ends up on the show "Time Warp." They didn't contact me. Did they by coincidence figure out that bare-hand bottle-smash contains well-hidden high-speed phenomena ...and then work out the correct explanation? Or are they working under the commands of a Meme infection? PS supposedly you can remove a cork from wine using this same phenomenon. Aim cork down, hit top of wine bottle repeatedly with shoe or other solid object. Cork slowly is hammered outwards! NOTE TO TRY: OIL-BOTTLE CAVITATION ABOVE TESLA COIL, DO VACUUM-CAVITIES FLASH BRIGHTLY IN A DARK ROOM WITH KILOVOLTS?

    • Congo Blue as cheap IR filter 2001
      Infrared Goggles for under $10. While working for Eaton Optosensors in 1998 I wanted to spread this idea, but it had to wait until I discovered Congo Blue filters. A truly mad-scientist toy: it lets humans see genuine infrared light ...but it also will fry your eyeballs if you use it to stare into the sun. As with Tesla Coils and Gauss Guns, these remain somewhat "safe" because most little kids don't have the ambition to order the supplies and build one themselves.
    • Diamagnetic Water 1998
      Neo magnets were starting to spread online. Someone emailed me and pointed out that a neo magnet could slightly deflect a stream of water from the kitchen faucet. COOOOL. I informed the physics teaching forums and physics newsgroups, and my local hobby group had great fun with this. We found that a submerged neo magnet would distort water surface just above it. We found that you could deflect a horizontal popsicle hanging from a hair.
    • Traffic Waves 1998
      Once you finally "PERCEIVE", your inner Commuter will be sent to stand in the corner, and your brain is now occupied by a suddenly-enlightened Zen Traffic Practitioner.           But "With great power comes great responsibility -Spiderman." If the Ice-Nine concept ever gets loose, will one person manage to solidify the entire traffic network around Washington DC? It's like flipping just one wall switch on-off in a special pattern and causing a blackout of the entire East coast. Will the solidification-wave reach out and engulf Baltimore, NYC, and Boston? Fortunately it all melts again by 4AM each morning, so we're probably safe.
    • Bipolar Transistors are Voltage-controlled 1995.
      It always bugged me that technicians as well as the public are taught that transistors "amplify current," but then we learn as EE undergrads that transistors are actually controlled by voltage: I(c) is directly determined by e^(Vbe*k), not by I(b). Op amps, emitter-followers, and current mirrors are voltage-based circuits (where they still keep working even if I(b) is zero and hfe is infinite.) For YEARS I'd been unable to really understand transistors; not until I took semiconductor physics and learned the dreaded secret about hfe being irrelevant.

      I decided to stir up trouble with an accurate non-math transistor explanation aimed at school kids. I'd never seen any similar article anywhere, so I personally get a chance to introduce millions of hobbyists to an important fundamental idea which had been concealed inside the math models used in college-level electronics classes. Also got a chance to push one of my downtrodden "outsider heroes," Dr. J. Edgar Lilienfeld, who invented the FET transistor in 1923 (and Bell Labs was desperately searching for some way to re-patent his discovery 20 years later. Lilienfeld is the "Tesla of the transistor.") EF Johnson was caught lying about the Lilienfeld transistor being a failure! Bell Labs actually published a test of Lilienfeld's transistor, but in the paper, covered up that fact. Now it looks like Shockley may have been dishonestly pusing "current gain" in order to distance himself from the FET invention, even though hfe Beta is irrelevant to transistor operation (instead they're controlled by Ebers-Moll equations. Heh, why did Ebers/Moll need to publish, as if Shockley didn't actually know how BJT transistors worked?!!)

    • Silicon contains "compressible electricity!" 1988
      Back in Museum of Science days I started working out an explanation of semiconductor physics (aimed at little kids and Einstein's grandmother, of course.) Immediately I saw a cute trick: the idea that diodes, etc., are only conductive because they contain movable electricity ...and also that doped semiconductors contain compressible electricity! We can pinch the pipe closed! With metals, every atom has one or two mobile electrons nearby, but with semiconductors, the dopant levels are 10-4 or far less. And the dopant levels gives us the number of mobile charges per atom of material ...and so gives the voltage needed to cause resistance changes. To turn a diode or an FET on and off, we only need a volt or two of "electric pressure," but to do the same with metals, we need at least 10,000X higher voltage (or 100K higher, or millions higher.) Semiconductors are like "electricity gas," and can become valves by varying their own resistance. But metals are like hollow pipes full of incompressible water. Cool idea, eh?
    • Long High-volt streamers in flows of Argon
      harmless foot-long lightning bolts shoot from your fingers. This one hasn't taken off yet. "Mike's Electric Stuff" did pick it up.
    • Static Electrical Sorcery 1994
      I had lots of cool demonstrations built up from the science museum. If I post the best ones online as Science Fair projects, can I turn thousands of innocent little children into practitioners of the dark High Voltage arts? The soda-bottle voltage-motor caught fire and spread widely. Once I even saw some school science-fair rules which banned three projects: baking soda volcanoes, papier-mache solar system models, ...and tinfoil electrostatic pop-bottle motors!
    • Microwave oven plasma 1997
      In 1987 I'd written an entry for Lincoln Homework Encyclopedia containing a science classroom activity for microwave ovens. It was never used, so I posted it online for others to play with. This triggered much experimentation by members of various online forums, and eventually a couple of people worked out a way to produce stable plasmoids.
    • "Ben Franklin Was Right" 2018
      Recently pushing a stupid idea, mostly on, I'm starting the meme that, if his kite-twine was acidic, then Ben Franklin was right about the charge-carriers, since acids are proton-conductors only.
      "Here’s some disturbing/enlightening trivia: during Ben Franklin’s famous kite experiment, for his conductor he used slightly-humid twine in damp air. Twine is not a metal, and it has no free electrons. Twine may be a bit salty? But more likely, Franklin’s kite-twine was conductive in the same way as are wood and paper: an acidic conductor, containing mobile H+ ions (movable protons.) This means that (gasp!) when Franklin was gathering some thunderstorm leakage-currents in order to charge his Leyden-jar capacitor …those currents were probably made of proton-flows! So, Franklin was right all along?! His “electric fluid” was made of positive charges?!!! Heh, except when the metal foils in Leyden jars were involved."

    "Hey, you're the Traffic Waves guy?!!!"
    "Hey, you're the congo blue goggles guy?!!"

    "Hey, you're the Childhood brain guy?!!"
    "Hey, you're that microwave ovens guy?!!!"
    "YOU'RE the amasci dot com guy?!! I spent my whole childhood on your site!"

    all together now...


    Old Belter filk
    If you miss
    the ship I'm on,
    then you'll know
    that I have gone.
    You can see the fusion-flare
    a billion miles.
    Billion miles, a billion miles
    a billion miles, a billion miles...
    you can see a fusion-plume
    a billion miles.
    Lord I'm one, Lord I'm two
    Lord I'm three, Lord I'm four,
    Lord I'm five billion miles
    away my home,
    Five billion miles, five billion miles,
    five billion miles, five billion miles,
    Lord I'm five billion miles from my home.
    Got no Suit on my back,
    not a Stellar to my name,
    Lord I can't go a-home
    this a-way.
    This a-way, this a-way,
    this a-way, this a-way,
    Lord I can't go a-home
    this a-way.
    If you miss the ship I'm on,
    you will know that I am gone.
    You can see a fusion-flare
    a billion miles.
    Hohmann Transfer
    2017 W. Beaty
    Almost heaven
    press'-ridge mountain
    deep subsurface river.
    Life is cold there
    older than Earth's seas.
    Ancient replicators
    down below the freeze.
    Hohmann roads
    take me home
    to the moon I belong
    take me home
    Hohmann roads.
    Onboard systems
    focused on her.
    Saturn lady
    Icy ring-dust, 
    stream across the sky.
    Bitter tang o' 'mmonia
    (bitter methane 'mmonia?)
    teardrop in my eye.
    I hear her voice 
    in the microwaves she calls me
    her thermal-peak reminds me of my home
    far away.
    Pencil calculat'n are suggesttin'
    that I should'a been home yesterday,
    Hohmann roads
    take me home
    to that moon I belong.
    take me home
    Hohmann roads.
    BENSON ARIZONA, lost third verse:
    The seasons flick on by, 
    like seconds on the ship.
    I take another pull
    from the flask that's at my hip.
    The mighta-beens
    and the never-weres
    can drive a man insane.
    I think I'll stay out in the Void.
    'cause Benson's not the same.
    Benson Arizona!
    Blew warm wind through her hair.
    My body flies the galaxy,
    my heart longs to be there.
    Benson Arizona!
    The same stars in the sky.
    But they seemed so much kinder
    when we watched 'em,  you and I...

    12/26/2007   Video: Melting glass in your microwave           more vids      future vids

    Here's an alternate version of a classic physics demo. Rather than heating up a glass rod and then plugging it in to 120VAC, we heat up a glass bottle and plug it in to a few hundred watts of 2.1GHz RF.


    11/07/2007   Video: Ultra-simple Electric Generator           more vids      future vids

    A great idea for school science fair. Don't make a motor; everyone makes motors. MAKE A GENERATOR! Light a bulb.


    A note about x-rays and "plasma globes." When attaching light bulbs to a tabletop Tesla coil or "violet wand," some small bulbs fail to produce purple plasma streamers. The space inside remains dark, but the glass flickers blue, or white, or sometimes green. This shows that the bulb contains a fairly hard vacuum. If run at high voltages (above 10KV,) such a bulb will produce soft x-rays. USUALLY the x-ray intensity is insignificant. It's way too little to light up a fluorescent screen. Maybe you could take x-ray photos by exposing film for minutes or hours. It will certainly make a geiger counter click furiously, but only if your GM probe has a thin window (for alpha particles.). So, to avoid even the slightest x-ray hazard, use only those large 4-inch spherical bulbs for your "plasma globe." Stay away from exit-sign bulbs, Renulife No. 26 "tonic saturator" electrode w/spring inside. Stay away from small green-fluorescing aquarium bulbs! Here's some radiation info, hazard tables. You can compare canoe trips and peanut-butter toxins to x-ray risk.


    08/22/2007   Video: Bare-hand Bottle Smash           more vids

    "Bring forth what is true; Write it so it it's clear. Defend it to your last breath."
    - Ludwik Boltzmann, quoting Faust


    08/25/2007   Video: Dry Ice: LEEEEETHALLY DAAAANGEROUS?!!!           more vids

    08/11/2007   Video: Kitten Attaaaack!           more vids

    04/06/2007   Video: Stupid Steady Cam Tricks #4: Outdoors, and "Star Wars"           more vids

    07/01/2007   Video: Air Threads. I couldn't resist           more vids



    - All children are artists. The problem is how to remain an artist once you grow up. - Picasso

    - Panic of error is the death of progress. - Whitehead

    - Avoiding mistakes will end your creativity. (TED prize, video)



    How about some electrostatics? Try this:

    - Connect a metal needle to a high voltage power supply. Connect a small metal plate to ground. Put a microamp meter in series with the plate's ground wire. (Ground the other power supply lead, of course.)

    - Power up the HV and aim the needle at the metal plate from many inches distance. The microamp meter should indicate a large reading. "Electric Ion Wind" is flowing from the needle, to the plate, and through the meter to ground.

    - Now blow some crosswind through the gap between the needle and the metal plate. This should deflect the "electric wind" and make the meter reading fall to zero, right? Instead, NOTHING HAPPENS. The microamperes reading remains the same.

    - Uhhhh... OK now, maybe the ion flow is bending around to hit the grounded plate from the side. Following the e-field lines? So lets put a wide metal ring around the plate and connect it directly to ground (no meter.) If the electric wind gets deflected, it should miss the meter and flow directly into ground. Power up the needle, get some microamps on the meter, now blow some wind. AGAIN NOTHING HAPPENS! The microamp reading stays high. The ion path doesn't deflect!

    - Really blast some wind across the path. Use a plastic straw, and hit the needle tip with some series crosswind. Nope, still the same. Maybe the microamps fluctuates just a bit, but essentially remains large. The ion paths won't move. They blast right through any crosswind I can throw at it.

    - RATS! This means that I can't easily build an air-blast VandeGraaff generator using a HV supply, needles, and a small battery-powered fan. It also means I can't make a wind-speed sensor with no moving parts which measures the microamps difference between electric wind being received by two adjacent collector plates facing a single needle. A high-volt wind-direction indicator won't work; it just ignores the wind.

    - SPECULATION: if the electric wind was made up of many slow ions, then even a gentle breeze would push it away from the receiving plate. Therefore, it must be composed of few/fast ions. It makes no sense! Ions should collide with neutral air molecules and experience large drag. Maybe the ion flow pattern self-organizes into very thin "filaments;" jets having narrow cores made of fast-moving ions. Thin filaments have a high RE (Reynolds Number), which allows them to move very fast but without turbulent breakdown. It's like the fast thin laminar stream of smoke above a cigarette. I wanted to make a hailstorm of ions, but instead I get a "death ray" beam far narrower than a human hair. Just like Tesla said.

    - I lied about making too many videos. I couldn't resist doing this one about gas-filled capacitors that magically pump themselves down to vacuum.




    Nothing sends them scurrying back to that black pit like
    How can I "R Burns-ify" this t-shirt slogan? Nothin' sends 'em scurry'n?


    04/21/2007   Videos: Having ideas, thermal cam rubber band, Bumbershoot '05, science job.  


    Hey. IR GOGGLES FORCE YOUR LENSES TO FOCUS DIFFERENTLY! This means that the IR goggles (or simply some deep red goggles) would exercise your lens/muscles/brain system and force your lenses to excessively stretch. (Or do they excessively contract?) Either way, this would be a form of "eye exercise" which might end your need for glasses. Sort of like wearing prism-glasses to correct the lazy-eye problem. For nearsightedness you'd want the deep colored (red? violet?) goggles. For farsightedness you'd want deep (violet? red?) goggles. Of course use polycarbonate or glass lenses to avoid any problems with UV damage.


    04/08/2007   I think I've made a breakthrough. It's scaring the pants off me. Who will be the first to build this huge device? (Note: it's no beginner project.) Go and see Runaway breakdown, and the idea which inspired it, Tesla's accident with the Colorado Springs utility plant. If those links go bad, I'll put up a mirror copy restoring the disabled images. 

    03/24/2007   Videos: Artist party, physics devices, also stupid camera tricks.  

    02/27/2007   Video: The Disgustoscope  

    02/10/2007   More videos: Dangerous maglev, pants methane, $0-cost Steadicam  

    01/16/2007   Link to Videos: Possible Ball Lightning on the BL Page, also try Weird Physics vid collection  

    01/01/2007   Updating Unusual! Three years worth. So far: Vanishing Objects, and Ball Lightning  

    12/24/2006   Added a new page: BILL B. VIDEOS  


    Years ago one of my early morning visions involved weird EM resonance forces between biomolecules at hundreds of nanometers distances. If my delusions were true, then there must be a huge hole in modern biology, a hole almost as large as the one which would remain if the physics of chemical bonding had never been discovered. Without the long-range frequency-keyed electromagnetic bonding force, all sorts of nanomechanical phenomena in cell machinery would remain entirely unexplained.

    Now Harvard U. Media has a long animated movie of subcellular nanomachinery within leukocytes responding to tissue inflammation. Just as in my dream, all sorts of bizarre effects are unexplained: they're glossed over, or more frequently they're fudged by playing a motion sequence backwards (against the laws of thermo!) Specifically: HOW DO THE FRICKIN' ACTIN MOLECULES SELF-ASSEMBLE? The movie doesn't say. Instead they give us a picture of actin subunits magically pouring in from all directions and somehow finding the growing end. Uhhh... isn't that just an animation of depolymerization and diffusion... but PLAYED BACKWARDS? Same with polymerization of tubulin: the subunits magically come running from great distances just so they can link up to the growing tubulin end. And these are just the most egregious examples. All through the movie there are molecules which somehow "know" where they're supposed to go, how they're supposed to rotate themselves, and they move with apparent intention over major distances. mRNA tips and ribosomes magically find the few rare membrane pores. Actin-snipping proteins both fly in from distances and also magically orient themselves through many degrees of freedom in order to bond to the fiber. Apparently the researchers are asking us to believe that all this happens by diffusion, by random tries and re-tries performed at high speeds. I got news for them: if you stick a padlock in a bag with a bunch of keys, you'll be shaking the bag a long time before one of the keys inserts itself. And in living systems, the bag should be filled mostly with quarters, with just a few keys, most of them not fitting that lock. And I thought *I* had delusions! But all this strange dishonesty will pop like a bubble if we admit the (possible) existence of a fairly simple thing: mechanical forces caused by AC electromagnetic fields in the nearfield regions between atoms and molecules having resonance lines at common frequencies. It's just attraction between electromagnets. But AC electromagnets. If their frequencies are different, they essentially don't recognize each other, and the net attraction becomes zero (well, it changes from attraction to AC vibration.) But if their frequencies are right ...or more likely a combination of different atomic frequencies in distant molecules are right ...then not only would the molecules pull together over relatively vast distances, but they would experience torques which twist them into proper positions. In other words, the unexplained "magically intelligent" motions of the macromolecules depicted in the above video might not be an exaggeration at all. They might be moved by electromechanical forces which act like simple computers communicating over hundreds of nanometers by coded radio signals.


    11/17/2006   I'm up in CA at Simon Frazer U., for their conference "Tesla Day 2006"
    At the conference, I found myself saying "The Colorado Springs lab was all about beam-power experiments," and the guy I was talking to agreed with me. Where did that come from? Sensitive-brush tube! I think I know what it actually was. Power-beams at 1ATM baby! And helicopters with invisible blades, looks just like flying saucers.


    One of the old postings on the "weird science" page involved a report where a column of water in an ultrasonic resonator flew upwards and punched a hole in the ceiling, and also in the roof above. See Keely ultrasonic explosion.

    While waiting in line during the opening of the "Steamboy" movie, several things suddenly fell into place for me. First, guess what happens if we leave some water for hours under high powered ultrasonic treatment? This degasses the water, removing all the dissolved air and preventing boiling-nucleation. Heating the water increases this effect. Second, what happens if we strongly heat some thoroughly-degassed water? If microbubbles are lacking, then the water temperature will rise far above 100C, and the water will become massively superheated. It may even superheat to such an extent that, once it starts boiling, the stored heat energy may convert the entire volume of water to vapor.

    Finally, what happens if we place water in a resonant ultrasonic chamber where the transducer is located at the bottom? In that case the pressure excursions will be maximum at the surface of the transducer and at both surfaces of the water (and at each standing-wave node.) But the upper water surface will cool by radiation, so if cavitation were to commence, it would be at the bottom of the water column against the hot transducer. Or, perhaps multiple nodes would cavitate/explode simultaneously.)

    Taken together, this is a recipe for a water-jet cutter, or more likely a cannon, but a cannon where the bullet is a slug of water propelled by its own steam output. A tiny bubble will break out at the bottom of the water column, and the bubble will instantly fill with live steam. The water column will be smoothly accelerated upwards as the superheated water emits a downwards "exhaust" of hot water vapor. As the steam leaves the water, the water cools, but if the superheated temperature was high enough, this "exhaust plume" would never cool below boiling.

    As the water slug leaves the pipe, the vertical water surface will emit vapor in all directions with little net propulsive effect, while the bottom surface will act like a rocket engine. But would this be enough to punch a hole in a ceiling? Well, we know that whenever a kilojoule capacitor-discharge propels a water column upwards, the water can punch a hole through a thick aluminum plate (tested by Richard Hull and Dr. Peter Graneau). Yet in their capacitor experiment, turbulent disruption converted their water column into a water spray after a few feet of traveling through the air. But what might happen when a superheated water-slug sends steam outwards in all directions at high velocity? Maybe this would preserve the shape of the water column on its journey towards the ceiling. It would be radial laminar outwards flow, excluding all turbulence and punching upwards through the air like a giant frictionless finger, with the relatively tiny water-column protected in its center.


    10/10/2006   More billb videos:
  • all Youtube videos
  • Big supercon magnet dewars at work (Sept 6, 2006)
  • I get to run an entire cruise ship (May 8, 2006)
  • Supermagnet beads: membranes and Amoebas (Oct 10, 2006)
  • Maglev: magnet floats between graphite disks (Oct 3, 2006)
  • Raytheon thermal camera: the camera itself, & demos on couch
  • Thermal camera: cold can of juice (Sep 20, 2006)
  • Thermal camera: little warm kitten footprints (Aug 16, 2006)
  • Thermal camera: cold black popsicle (Jul 21, 2006)
  • Truck lug nuts optics (Aug 18, 2006)
  • VASTLY IMPROVED lug nuts optics (Aug 23, 2006)
  • eskimo dot com, NOT in Alaska. (google)
  • still not in Alaska (google)
  • What color is water? (Jul 23, 2006)


    Wagon-wheel reverse rotation effect
    During morning commute on I-90 I glanced at a truck wheel and noticed it had a pattern of light... which was rotating slowly backwards! It was the lug nuts. Obviously some garage mechanic had tightened the nuts to give a special pattern. As the six sides of the hex nuts flashed in the sunlight, the angle of each flash was slightly different as each of ten nuts moved past. It looked like a circular dotted line which moved opposite to the wheel's motion. I wonder how many mechanics know this trick? I wonder if the original inventor just had a weird mind, or do truck-repair depots tend to hire PhD physics types?

    To start, tighten all the lug nuts, then turn them so they all point at the hub. Now pick a nut as number zero and leave it as is. Go to nut number one, and if you have 10 nuts with 6 sides, tighten that nut by an extra 1/60th turn (ten times six to get a 60th.) Go to nut number two and tighten it by an extra 2/60ths. Repeat. When you get back to nut number zero, you still leave it alone (since you could also tighten it by 10/60ths or 1/6th turn, which would leave the hex facets still in the same relative position.) Now when the wheel rotates, the pattern of flashes will advance by 1/10th rotation when the wheel rotates once. But will the pattern turn backwards? Figure it out. It depends on which side of the vehicle you're adjusting. Maybe you were supposed to loosen each lug nut by 1/60th turn. Watch: video, 1.3 min, also newer video, 0.6 min

    Added note: these are somewhat common on the highway; more common than explained by over-educated garage mechanics. So, what happens if we align all the nuts parallel to a single line? This would happen if the nuts were tightened with a tire iron, and the angle of the handle was the same each time. This pattern gives annoying flashes, but it also gives a backwards-drifting pattern which is 6x slower than the wheel RPM. So it seems that these patterns are probably accidental.


    07/23/2006   Testing: I uploaded a couple of videos:
  • eskimo dot com, NOT in Alaska. (google)
  • still not in Alaska (google)
  • What color is water? (youtube)
  • all videos

    07/14/2006   I finally added an IR photo gallery to the DIY IR GOGGLES page.  

    07/21/2006   Added lots of "cool science" site links to blog at  

    06/01/2006   They took away our overhead projectors and replaced them with Powerpoint! (That's not fair. Powerpoint is a slide projector, not an overhead.) Now I'll finally get my vengance by infecting the web with... filmstrips!. Please advance to the next image when you hear the beep. BEEEEEEP.           (WARNING: embedded MP3 audio)  

    03/12/2006   Updated the guestbook  


    The WEIRD SCIENCE SALON is going to Alaska in May. The 2006 UFO/Paranormal conference from Seattle's Museum of Mysteries will be held on shipboard this year, the week of May 7th - 14th. If interested, sign up by Feb ?? for low prices.


    01/19/2006   I made it into the University Week, the local UW newspaper  


    Hey, if you search Google for the word "unwise," the second hit is Unwise Microwave Experiments! And if you search for the word "oven," then it's the top Google hit. "Tesla coil" still leads right here, but "Science" has moved way down (once long ago this site was #13 on Google for "science," above Scientific American and the AAAS!)


    01/15/2006   Added What Is Static Electricity?  

    12/27/2005   Continuing the biological insanity with hot incandescent bacteria on the Bio page.  

    12/25/2005   Added a bit more stuff to the IR Goggles article.  


    Energy-sucking atoms and molecules
    Remember energy-sucking antennas, where a longwave resonant coil can intercept radio waves even if they pass within hundreds of feet? And recall the speculations about odd forces hidden under the catch-all name "Van der Waal's", and what this might imply for biochemistry? Well, I finally encountered a mainstream physics article about just this topic. But it's not what I expected. Suppose you have an atom, a single highly-resonant atomic oscillator, on then end of a STM scanning probe. Suppose you bring it near another identical atom. Will there be some long-range forces which become strong when the two atoms are separated at less than a quarter wavelength? (E.g. if the atoms had a resonance line in the optical band at 500nM, then if placed within 125nM of each other would they strongly attract or repel?) The answer might be: NO. But INSTEAD, the atoms link together and refuse to change their separation! WEIRD! Resonant atoms trapped on adjacent surfaces create strong friction between those two surfaces, EVEN IF THE SURFACES AREN'T TOUCHING. In subcellular molecular machinery this could produce a "force" counter to diffusion, one which slowed any molecule which approached another with the same coded frequency. As with cockroaches and sowbugs who crawl more quickly when in a lighted region, the right kind of molecules would end up in the "slowed-down" regions under the fridge. You can find a bunch of articles about this AFM discovery via a Google search on "non-contact friction", also Google Scholar: noncontact friction and non-contact friction



    I strongly resisted putting banner ads on AMASCI. They're all just ads for spammer products: diet pills and ringtones. They support unethical popup-ad companies. They insult our intelligence with "click the jumping monkey" animations. And as I found out with Network54, many banner ads are controlled by advertisers themselves, and they contain really nasty spyware and browser-hijackers. But Simon at scitoys suggested Google ads, and they avoid these problems. They're text-only and controlled by Google, not by shady advertisers. The company is non-evil (at least so far.) And more important, the ads "know" the page topic, so they usually put science-education ads on my site. You get ads for science fair products rather than for casinos. So, Quitcher Job, Live Off The Website Revenues? It actually looks possible. Would YOU become a big flaming sellout ...if it let you escape the nine to five world? :)


    09/28/2005   Added entries to Electricity FAQ, doorknob sparks, other stuff.  


    A moon that fell?
    As a kid in the 1960s I remember staring at the world map in the classroom and *knowing* that the Americas fit with Europe and Africa like a jigsaw puzzle. In 1965 this was geological heresy, but the grade school kids like me were seeing something real, something that professional geologists denied. So now I'm looking at the map of Mars over my desk, and I know enough to take my first impressions seriously. The Valles Marineris is too straight. WAY too straight. Well, actually it's curved in a sine wave on the map which extends as a discoloration across more than half the planet. (World maps with sine waves drawn on them are plots of orbiting spacecraft, where the angled circular orbit is "unrolled" to form a wave.) Also, Valles Marineris is aligned with the Martian equator, so it's also aligned with the plane of the ecliptic where moon orbits lie. Also, Valles Marineris has many widely separate parallel features which are also perfectly straight. Also there are all kinds of crater chains parallel to the valley all around the same region. Yet explanations of this valley talk about a cracking crust. I don't believe it. There are linear gouges and discoloration way downstream from the main valley. I predict that within a few decades the expert opinion will shift: Valles Marineris is an astrobleme, it was carved out by a moon that fell from orbit. The Valles region doesn't extend all the way around the planet, so it probably wasn't caused by a planetary ring. Imagine the event! It's even more impressive than those craters left by direct asteroid strikes. An entire moon gradually hits the top of the atmosphere and starts heating up from gas compression. If it survives for several orbits, its heat output will bake everything below, perhaps turning continent-wide deserts into glass and leaving a scar so large that the professionals will miss it when looking right at it. Then it breaks up into two or three huge chunks plus lots of rubble, into a hundred asteroids, which then descend and roll across the land at orbital velocity from horizon to horizon like incandescent bowling balls the size of Manhattan. Downrange of the main strike the air is full of big dirt: flying boulders the size of large buildings which rain down and ...disturb the surface.


    09/11/2005   Added four MPEG videos to The Secret to Plasma Globes Without Vacuum Pumps.  

    09/07/2005   Added a new electricity misconception to the Electricity section.  


    Speed freak
    In his book "Surely You're Joking...", R. Feynman experimented with personal time sense, and he wondered what determines it. I think it might be social, not physiology. My first summer job was raking leaves on Elmira College campus, and it quickly became apparent that my normal rate of work was wrong. I did things much faster than the seasoned workers, and I attracted funny looks, so I adjusted my performance. I thought it was sort of stupid; why didn't everyone rake leaves normally instead of in slow motion? But slow raking was the "way you're supposed to do it," and anyone who strayed from the norm would encounter group pressure to slow down. But... that's how infants become people!!! We change behavior as we encounter immense nonverbal pressure from parents, friends, outsiders, etc., otherwise we'd all behave as one-year-olds even when adult. In different societies the standards are different; I've heard that tourists south of the border complain that everyone does everything slowly... and islanders complain about crazy Americans who are always rushing about. WHAT IF HUMAN TIME SENSE IS SOCIETALLY DETERMINED? I've experimented with this and find that it is. If I'm alone I can push myself to perform tasks much faster until until "faster" becomes habitual and unnoticed, but I get huge amounts of work done, and it takes forever for the clock to get to lunchtime. It feels like really waking up, at least until it starts being normal. Also, my usual body movements become tiring, and I find it's much easier to move in curves rather than starting/stopping the considerable mass of limbs. (Like switching to 'racewalk' rather than just speeding up my normal walk.) And when I tried it for days at a time, I started losing weight and had to eat extra meals. If I asked someone a question or tried conversing, their slow responses and slow thinking was quite irritating. But whenever I kept all this up in public, people responded badly. They seemed to be thinking "what's WRONG with that guy? What drug is HE on? Is he insane or something?" Bingo! That's the societal pressure which usually keeps its members living at the "proper" speed. It's the same as if I started acting like a 2-yr-old, or if I moved to a country where things happened at different speed: I'd encounter the same type of social pressure to adapt. So... I wonder how far this can be pushed. Can we live at 5x normal? Will we get huge amounts of work done, then have a crash from "exhaustion of manic energy" or perhaps die prematurely of old age? Or go the other route and let the outer world speed up to 5x faster while we stay "the same." Keywords: Professor Gibberene's New Accelerator, Star Trek Scalosian water, Wild Wild West "Night of the Burning Diamonds"


    08/15/2005   More about nanobacteria in the biology section. (This is a fairly exciting controversy!) Suppose that when a bacterium splits in half, each half takes half the genome. If the two bacteria remained together, they could trade metabolic molecules and survive. Suppose they split into two, four, eight, etc. If this slowly happened over millenia, we could end up with species of bacteria smaller than viruses, where each cell isn't viable alone since they act as specialized organs of a colony. Wouldn't just such an evolutionary trick be the result of a deep underground nano-crevice environment and evolution pressure favoring smallness?  


    Random thoughts: if you pass a current through a bar magnet, it should create extremely intense circular fields inside. After all, the path surrounding the current is a closed loop of iron, and a low current should saturate the material. But wouldn't this path be disrupted if the current fell? The axial field of the permanent magnet would take over. Apply a weak AC to the bar magnet and create immense pulses of internal b-field. Are these detectable? Instead perhaps pass a cable through a narrow iron pipe to give the pipe internal circular flux patterns. Apply AC to the axial cable and look for pulses. Perhaps wrap a coil around the pipe to apply a bias.

    More randomness. In the Vasserfadden demo below, how thin could the water thread become? I should think that e-field forces would cause it to resist evaporation, as with electric ice needles. The water filament would be like an electret. But if the thread broke, would it contract to form a droplet, or would the e-field preserve its threadlike form? If it stayed threadlike, this means we could build a network, an aerogel, from nothing but water. The threads would be maintained by the strong e-field (unless closed loops of electrified water filaments are also stable, so the external field could be removed.) An electrically-stabilized aerogel made from water vapor would possibly explain the observation of invisible wall phenomena.

    07/25/2005   More old stuff: The Wasserfadden experiment and Giant natural water-thread?  


    Check out this discussion thread on tesla coils forum about x-ray tubes and powering entire homes and cars with wireless. And here's another one about Bob Golka, arc welders and ball lightning.


    07/16/2005   An old article never listed here: Mother and daughter detect plasma-spheres through walls  


    Don't miss SEATTLE WEIRD GENIUS REAL SCIENCE 2005, the 'science fair' in bldg #30 at Sand Point, Saturday July 16. I'll have a demo table there with microwave oven, Tesla coil, and bowl of argon gas.

    Remember Plasma Globes without vacuum? Getting ready for the above event; I executed some microwave oven mayhem at Wednesday's Seattle Outsider Artist Project: Dorkbot Mad Science night. New high voltage effects discovered! A microwave oven with nothing inside is a 2.5GHz high voltage source. A bag or balloon of pure Argon usually does nothing... unless you include a tiny fragment of carbon fiber. After the plasma outbreak, the glowing violet-white cloud will grow and grow, melting the bag, then crawling all around looking for every last scrap of argon left in the wilting glob of plastic. Argon inside a glass bowl was similar: when triggered by a speck of carbon fiber, it exploded into a radial burst of wiggling lightning. This was a first: it was normal-looking mini-lightning, but at 2.5GHz frequency! As soon as the argon heated up, the spark-brush turned into a bright fuzzy cloud which rose to the top of the bowl and melted holes in the plastic plate laying across the opening. With a bigger bowl we actually saw some spherical lightning: a small spark at the bottom of the bowl became a 2" glowing hemisphere which rapidly rose, becoming more and more spherical before being disrupted by the plastic plate.


    06/26/2005   Many new entries can be found on the Brain Modification Page  


    When you drop a dish, usually it bounces once. Then it shatters on the second bounce. After noticing this effect I started listening for it. Sure enough, in restaurants (etc.), when you hear a plate go "DONGGGGG" when it hits, it usually goes "smash/tinkle" during the second bounce. I FIGURED IT OUT! When the dish hits the first time, it bounces upwards, but it also starts wobbling fiercely. It rings like a bell, and the vibrating edges of the dish are probably moving at several hundred miles per hour. [NO THEY'RE NOT! It's like a spring, and the edge can only move as fast as the plate was moving when it struck. When it comes back down, the wobbling edge could hit at twice the plate's velocity at most.] Now "view the movie in slow motion." The edge of the dish is going in-out-in-out as the dish slowly falls towards the floor. When it arrives, the wobbling edge whacks the floor again and again and again... and it hits at such high speed that it seems like the dish fell from 100ft altitude [wrong, it will seem as if the plate fell from *twice* the altitude of the bounce], not the two feet it fell after the bounce. My conclusion: if you grab for a falling dish but you're not fast enough, don't give up. You have a good chance of either catching it after the first bounce ...or even just *touching* it briefly which will damp out the intense vibrations that usually make the dish explode on contact with the floor.


    06/21/2005   "Spirit Orb Photographs" made with water mist, dry ice frost clouds, fumed silica, etc. I find that a parallel grid of human hair w/separation around 0.5mm on camera lens will cast shadows, essentially drawing lines on each false ghost-orb. If your camera had a hexagonal iris, the "orbs" would all be little hexagons.  


    This one was a brainstorm during Dorkbot Tesla Night at COCA gallery in Seattle. Get a tank of argon plus regulator, a glass vase or bowl, some hose, and an aquarium airstone. In a draft-free room, slowly fill the vase with cool dense argon. Argon is different than air or CO2: it supports immensely long electric sparks. Poke the end of your Violet Wand or Tesla coil into the argon pool and watch the huge flaming white streamers spew forth. Now for the next part. Ready? Place the HV electrode against the outside of the glass, then stick your hand inside. Blazing white plasma streamers spew from your fingertips! Feels like being poked by needles. Make a fist (it stings less!) Next trick: a larger bowl, one which my head fits within. Yes, I wanna become the central electrode in a "plasma globe" device. Shouldn't be too painful unless the arcs shoot from my eyeballs...


    06/15/2005   Supermagnet bead tricks. Buy a big wad of 1/4" supermagnet spheres (~$.50 each.) Make buckyballs, mysterious spinners, DNA chains, etc. (I really need to add photos to these!)  

    05/27/2005   Added spam buster to Main amasci guestbook. Now you can see your entries instantly, not weeks later.  



    Put some crushed ice in a translucent or transparent cup. Fill it half way with dark cola (the kind with sugar.) Then fill it the rest of the way with diet 7-up or diet lemonade (or even water.)

    The ice will disrupt the stream, keeping the two layers from mixing very much. You end up with dark cola at the bottom, and clear stuff at the top. (Sugar is denser.) If you tilt the cup back and forth, you can make slow-motion waves in the cola!

    Even if the pizza place doesn't have see-thru cups, you can still use the trick. First add ice, then fill half way with full-sugar drink, then fill it up with diet drink. This creates two layers. You can drink the diet Coke first, leaving the layer of non-diet Sprite for later. Just remember to add the diet drink second, and use a thick layer of ice to disrupt the stream.


    Idea for future hoaxes: leave messages on the cardboard tube inside toilet paper rolls. It's not so difficult to remove the tube if you bend it. Write a message, or even apply a professional looking sticker. Or perhaps carry around a rubber stamp made for just this purpose. "HELP, I AM BEING HELD PRISONER IN THIS SCOTT FACTORY." Or "HERE IS THE SECRET PHONE NUMBER, DO YOU DARE TO DIAL IT?" Put several copies on the same tube so it's hard to miss. Or even cause total amazement by wrapping a dollar bill around the thing. Reinstall the tube and put the roll back on the holder.


    05/01/2005   Added better 3D diagrams to In electric circuits, WHERE does the energy flow?  

    04/21/2005   Is this thing a blog? I'm not constantly adding interesting links to other sites as bloggers are supposed to (those kinds of links are mostly on coolsci , wpage, and weird art, also stumble.)

    OK, how about this. Here's the Skeptic versus Woo-woo fight reduced to it's essentials:
    mung cartoon A, and mung cartoon B . Also hundreds of others.


    04/16/2005   Added months of messages to the Main Guestbook  

    04/10/2005   Added: When I die, I wanna be...  

    "PRIMER," the time-travel movie! The secret of the movie "Primer" is that's not pronounced "pryme -mer." Instead it's pronounced "prim -mer." As in a dumbed-down intro, designed for beginners. The whole movie is an instruction-manual about how to build the null-coils box.

    Abe:"The time for jacking around with Tesla coils and ball lightning in the garage is over." ...which means the time has finally arrived (heh) to use the garage-lab to build that Pseudo-superconducting Meissner Maglev array, stably lift a Weeble-shaped fridge-magnet, and see if it exhibits any gravity/EM coupling phenomena. It does? Then cover a styrofoam coffin with active magnetic shielding coils, and drive it as an enormous One-ATM Plasma Globe (full of Argon, of course.) What happens if we combine Maglev project with 1-ATM plasma globe project? Time machine? Hell no! It's the Philadelphia Experiment. But a human mind, enclosed in the quantum shield, controls the behavior of spacetime inside. Bouncing back and forth between future and past? Sure. If that's what you really Intend.

    03/25/2005   I built a Large art device. Eighty four tesla coils driving 84 fluorescent tubes. It was up at COCA gallery this March (Seattle,) and is going to be at Bumbershoot, Sept 2-5.  

    03/24/2005   Added The $1 Tesla Coil  


    The DC electric motor was invented by accident!
    Huh. I totally missed this fact in my schooling. Michael Faraday demonstrated the "motor" effect in the early years, but like Ben Franklin's electrostatic motors, it was only a lab curiosity. Volta's "pile" caused power supplies to become all the rage in science labs, and by the mid 1800s, several types of DC electric generators or "dynamos" were already in use as power supplies. So people were generating voltage with rotating coils and commutators. Then during an inventors' exhibition at Vienna in 1873, inventor Z. Gramme accidentally connected a steam-driven dynamo to a second similar unit, and to everyone's surprise the second one started spinning as a motor. Thus the modern multi-HP electric motor was "invented." We add the DC motor to the list of other accidental discoveries: Becquerel's radioactivity, Roentgen's x-rays, the Leyden capacitor, Oersted's electromagnets, etc.


    02/21/2005   Added Determining Charge Polarity to Static Electric page  

    02/09/2005   Wow! I had a "Vanishing Object" experience while stirring my coffee. Scary.  


    Ant trails at work. A narrow stream of black ants is flowing across my lab bench, up the side of a water bottle, into the squirt-tube and down inside. They're harvesting distilled water?!! The trail is coming from the floor, up the side of a box, across the top edge of some papers standing on edge, then up the voltmeter wires which happen to dangle over the edge of the tabletop. Following the trail backwards, I find that it goes about a HUNDRED AND TWENTY FEET back to the Mass Spectrometry lab at the end of the hall! It disappears under a fume hood. There must be several thousand ants in the trail. I guess the Chem. building ant nest must be hard up for water. I brush away ants and create a 3ft gap by cleaning away their scent trail with alcohol. But an hour later the gap has closed again. Ants trapped on the far side of the gap apparently find their way across.

    Playing with ant trails! I move the water bottle, but then the arriving ants start spreading all over the desk. So I give the ant colony a wet cookie (placed 120ft away near the origin of the trail.) If the ants are a signal in an optical fiber, then the cookie should act like an impedance mismatch; reflecting the outbound ants back to the nest. Sure enough, after an hour the ant stream decreases greatly. I brush the remaining ants onto the floor and disrupt their scent trail. But in the morning it has re-formed, this time traveling up to an old bottle of Moxie Cola with a tiny bit of dried syrup in the bottom. They're still using the edge of the papers in the box on the floor, this time crawling up another test lead, transferring to the power cable of the oscilloscope, then up to the shelf with the bottle. OK, this time I convert the entire "ant-flow optical fiber" into a Bragg mirror: I drip some sugar water at many places along the 120ft trail. Quickly the stream of ants at my end of the trail has dropped to zero.

    Hmmm: pranking possibilites. If I put a tiny bit of sugar water on a victim's desk, and also deposit a blob of ants, won't a few ants find their way back to the nest and create a new 120ft stream?


    12/29/2004   Update (large) to Science Misconceptions Comment Book  

    12/28/2004   Small addition to "Time-flow Distortion Sensor"  


    Another brainstorm! It's crackpot physics time. Remember Pyramid Power? The original claim was that a cardboard pyramid could sharpen a disposable double-edge razor blade. While reading an " Uncle Al" physics note about laser ultra-black beam-dumps composed of stacks of hundreds of standard razors, suddenly several concepts aligned in my brain. First concept: Uncle Al notes that the blackness of the razor-stack can be compromised by knocking the arrayed razor edges against even a soft object. Second concept: by stropping an old-fashioned straight-razor, we do not sharpen it, instead we straighten the bent-over micro-edge of the hard steel. The very tip of the sharp edge becomes folded over with use, and abrading it on a soft surface will grab the edge and bent it straight. Third concept: What if Pyramid Power was genuine after all, but it was actually triggering some sort of memory-metal effect? Not sharpening the blade, but essentially it would spontaneously "strop" a razor blade? Fourth concept: shine a bright LED at a slightly damaged razor-stack beam-dump and use a photodiode to measure any slow changes in the return reflection. Spontaneous blade-straightening would now be measurable. Stick the thing in a pyramid overnight (perhaps with power turned off, if that has any effect.) See if you can detect any auto-stropping effects!


    12/20/2004    Have you met The Krampus? Santa Claus has an evil assistant who punishes bad children. He's a demon from ancient pagan solstice celebrations.  


    A great mystery within microwave ovens: WHY DOES THE TURNTABLE SOMETIMES ROTATE BACKWARDS? I always wondered about this. The obvious explanation is that the turntable motor is a 60Hz synchronous induction motor. But why? Synchronous motors aren't as good as the normal kind. One thing might make sense: it forces your turntable to end up in the same position as it started. That way your coffee mug will be at the front, or the handles on the casserole dish will be positioned correctly. But my microwave oven doesn't do this. Most of the time the mug ends up in a crazy position.

    Testing is required. I heated a mug of tea at work for a minute, and for the first time I actually watched the clock as the turntable rotated. AHA! IT ROTATES ONCE EVERY TEN SECONDS!!!! I verified the effect and it does work: as long as you punch in multiples of 10 seconds, your food will come back to its original position. But something's screwy. My oven at home doesn't do this, yet its turntable randomly starts off clockwise or CCW, so it must contain a synchro motor. So I timed the oven at home. Bingo: it rotates every 20 seconds. That explains everything. At home, if I punch in 30 seconds, or 10 seconds, then the turntable rotates an extra half turn, putting the soup bowl on the opposite side. Not to smart. How many people cook things for 20 seconds, or 40 seconds? A 3RPM turntable speed only works if you cook something for one minute. But now that I know about the problem, I can start only using multiples of 20 seconds.


    12/15/2004    Added more to Science Toys, and Weird Links  


    I'm playing with a UV keychain LED light. It's not very deep UV (400nM). More like violet. But it will make your teeth glow green, and your fillings are easy to see (I mean the white non-metal ones.) Fluorescing aqueous humor gives you some green pupils! I see little flecks of green all over my arm: fungus? Yep. The thick edges of my heel fluoresce green as well. Huh, what else are these things good for? They will light up the plastic strip inside $5 US dollar bills. They will charge up some ZnS "Glow In The Dark" plastic to very high phosphorescence. Ah, if you draw all over yourself with yellow-green Hi-lighter markers, the UV keychain flashlight makes the invisible lines light up brightly. Draw some finger bones.


    12/3/2004    The toolbar from the Stumbleupon service is addictive. TOO addictive.  

       I'm having fun with a perl command: global search/replace all files in a unix directory. Throughout the whole site I've changed all the addresses into, changed all my email addresses into GIF images (harder for spam spiders to read 'em,) and other such things. Here's the single-line unix command syntax below.
       perl -pi -e 's/ /' *.html
    It's easy to cause trouble if you mess with such things. You'd be lucky not to destroy all your files with a single command. Better first download your whole site to offline storage!

    12/2/2004    Added real Site Statistics Try clicking on some referring URLs  

      I stumbled across a new food. I feel like the discoverer of yogurt must have felt: disgusted, but not adverse to putting weird things in their mouth.

    I'd purchased some eggplants, and they were in the fridge for a couple of weeks along with some button mushrooms. When I finally got around to inspecting them, one was still OK, but the other one had a large brown spot several inches across. Strange, there was a mushroom stuck to the eggplant in the middle of the brown region. It was merged. The mushroom mycelia were still alive, and they were trying to absorb the eggplant! The brown region was somewhat soft, and when I tore the eggplant skin, the hole smelled like mushrooms. I returned the eggplantmushroom organism back to the fridge. A few days later I checked again and found that the entire eggplant had been assimilated. It was soft and mushroom-smelly within. Resistance was futile.

    Now I have to try sticking mushrooms against all sorts of different vegetables and see what results. Can mushrooms take over cold salmon? Since the storebought mushrooms are Agaricus Bisporus, we could call the process "Bis-porizing." I also need to try actually cooking one of these mutant beasts. Hmmm. What would happen if you fell into a coma while lying on a mushroom? You'd wake up all brown and mushroomy? With an unstoppable desire to hide inside a compost pile?


    11/28/2004    Ideas for a gallery installation: Demented Pushbuttons  

    11/26/2004    I learned a new word: Pyrrhonian skepticism  

    10/18/2004    Added The width of a coulomb to "Speed of Electricity"  

       Sometimes my subconscious delivers fully-formed visions in answer to questions from years ago. Today's vision: AC Kelvin water-drop generator. Half of a Kelvin electrostatic generator could be placed in the exhaust of a jet engine and produce megavolts at milliamps! There's more. I have a La Violette idea of military aircraft covered with Barium Titanate or perhaps PZT ceramic. How weird. Why PZT sheath? Ah, it's Jean Louis Naudin's "plasma sheet" idea where sonic booms can be eliminated by covering the airplane wings with a glow-discharge. But why use insulating ferroelectric? Well, I know that long dielectric filaments can act as "wires" for high frequency AC (the "right angle circuitry" idea.) If JL Naudin replaced his plastic covered hi-volt wires with PZT-encased wires, he'd still get purple plasma even if his operating frequency was greatly reduced. (Barium titanate acts almost like a metal conductor, as long as you use AC.) BINGO! Drive the Kelvin water-drop "inductor" electrode with slowly changing polarity, and your megavolts output will slowly change polarity also. With a jet engine driving it, how fast could this polarity change be made? Maybe raise it to a few hundred Hz? Without the PZT your metal aircraft would spew lightning bolts. But with the PZT layer, the whole thing would develop a sheet of plasma. It might even absorb radar pulses at the same time it modifies the transonic shock wave fluidics. Whew. It all hangs together and makes some kind of sense. I couldn't assemble the ideas piece-by-piece intentionally. They just pop up when I'm half dazed.  

    10/10/2004    Added Seeing Sound, an untested idea involving mirrors, strobes, and razor blades  

       A new traffic-wave phenomenon: the infinitely large traffic jam! I need to add this to Traffic Waves.

    The "infinite jam" occurs whenever a traffic wave stops moving backwards and instead becomes pinned to a certain point on the highway. It happens when each driver in the jam must sloooooowly crawl past the "pinning point" before accelerating freely again. A cop car by the roadside can cause this. So can a bridge crest or blind curve. In other words, the trailing edge of a traffic wave stops evaporating normally... yet its leading edge still grows as before, since more cars are piling on from behind. The region of solidly-packed traffic grows larger and larger with nothing to halt its growth. HOWEVER... if a single driver can pull the edge of the wave back away from the pinning point, then the wave begins moving again. The edge of the jam begins evaporating normally, and cars which pass the former pinning point have no reason to slow down (i.e. the "pinning" effect only occurs if a slow dense traffic-wave goes past.) Once un-pinned, the huge jam stops growing. It doesn't dissipate, but if it had yet to grow enormous, one driver can nip the gigantic traffic jam in the bud. It only takes one car to unplug one lane. In Seattle we have at least three of these continuosly-growing jams: the bridge crest on I-5 at the ship-canal bridge, and on 520 at the bridge crest just before the Lake Washington floating bridge, and on I-5 North near the Seneca St. exit where cars exit into the express lanes. I've also seen these on 520 many times, where a cop has pulled someone over, causing a two-mile traffic jam to form (people won't roar off into the empty roadway if a cop is right there, so they drive many yards past before peeling out... so the wave remains pinned, and the backup grows enormous.)


    10/11/2004    Finding some old files never linked here:
    2D "gravity" sensor, also detects e-fields and strong magnets
    Plasma/aerogel life forms in our atmosphere
    Fringe Science and breakthroughs

       I was imagining crowds of people walking on city sidewalks, versus crowds driving on highways. The atmosphere is totally different. Our cars act as our masks, making us anonymous. (Well, some of us make tattoos with spraycans and stickers.) But while commuting, we're silenced and cannot talk (or even communicate) with everyone around us. Hmmm. Maybe I could build myself a voice? How about an ultra-powerful broadband comb-frequency FM transmitter which could override nearby car radios regardless of which station they're tuned to? Too much work. Brainstorm! Cellphones. An experiment for the daring: print out a large bumper-sticker on adhesive paper and stick it on the rear of your car. (Cover it with clear tape to waterproof the paper.) The sticker reads:
    (use your real cell number.) What will happen? Death threats from road-ragers? Random members of the opposite sex hitting on you? Do you dare to find out? It might actually be interesting, since all those thousands of drivers on the highway near you have absolutely no way to send messages to anyone around them... except to you.

    09/12/2004    Added "Reality Detector Goggles" to Misc Screwy Ideas  

    09/12/2004    I've been volunteering at Seattle's new UFO/Bigfoot museum.  

    09/12/2004    Added more to Childhood Brain Modification, and Toys  
    Idea for "Orbs" believers. "Orbs" are bright sphere- or disk-objects that show up when photographing cemataries, haunted houses, etc. But many of these are simply the photoflash-illuminated dust motes or mist droplets hanging a few inches in front of the camera. The circular "orb shape" is a blurred image of a bright dot, and the shape is determined by the camera iris edge. If your camera iris is circular, the "orb" will appear as a disk, but if the iris is octagonal, the orb will look like an octagon. Ooo, idea! To settle the matter, place an opaque object on your camera lens! E.g. stick a thin slice of black electric tape across the lens. Or even make an "X shape" from thin tape slices. Now whenever you photograph a bright, small, blurred object such as a dust mote, the dark strips of tape will show up in the bright circular "orb image." On the other hand, if the "orb" is real, and is large and distant from the camera, you'll see no shadow-image of the opaque tape cutting across the "orb." Presto: any possible "orbs" can be instantly separated from the dust-mote images; the real orbs won't have a big fuzzy "X" across them. Also see some more ghost hunting suggestions.  

    08/27/2004    Adding more to Why Airfoils Are Hard To Understand  

    08/26/2004    Hey, should I start using some blog software, so passerbys can comment on these entries and turn this into an entire forum? The "slashdot of science?"  

    08/20/2004    Oops, forgot to add this here: Pykcrete: making the ice which does not melt.  

    07/22/2004    Working on: What is laser "coherence? (VERY under construction)  
    I never really understood laser "coherence." While working on science museum exhibits, I found that books were full of mistaken explanations. Over the years I've noticed that even the advanced textbooks get it wrong. They talk as if laser coherence is caused by stimulated emission. Nope. The laser-medium amplifies light. But if you give it some incoherent light, it will only amplify it while preserving the incoherence. But then why do lasers emit coherent light? I finally figured it out. It's because the laser mirrors cause the laser to behave as a near-perfect "point source." As light bounces between the mirrors, any light which doesn't seem to come from a single tiny point will eventually wander away and be lost off the edge of the mirrors, while any light which DOES come from one tiny point will keep bouncing and be amplified. Get two parallel mirrors and look into the "infinite tunnel." Only light that comes from the distant "infinite" point will avoid crashing into the walls of the tunnel. (How many physicists or even laser researchers know that laser coherence is caused by the laser cavity? Textbooks teach that it's caused by individual atoms, by "in-phase emission!) 
    07/17/2004    Added Complaints of suppression are not Conspiracy Theories  

    07/13/2004    Massive ISP server crash, things being restored from backups  

    07/12/2004    Added Bigger Better Balls, M. Crowley's paper on easy ball-lightning, also Easiest Ball Lightning Yet  

    07/12/2004    Added lots more "things" to Childhood Brain Modification tricks page  

    07/09/2004    Added a GIF anim, a Fake Live Webcam  

    WSCI: Demented idea, INBOX POETRY: send a string of blank
    WSCI: messages where the subject lines form a poem to be
    WSCI: read directly from their inbox without opening any
    WSCI: email. Send them slowly, otherwise the vagaies
    WSCI: of web traffic will jumble the order... but not TOO
    WSCI: slowly, or every other line will be the subject line
    WSCI: from some spam message. OOOoooo! Design the lines
    WSCI: of the poem to be read in ANY order, then send 'em all
    WSCI: in one glob and let the net have it's way with 'em.
    WSCI: Internet Haiku is born!
    07/05/2004    Animated background-GIFs are possible? Oh the humanity.  

    We live in a free country? Well, I personally know two science people who've been raided in the last five years. One was invaded by the local cops because they decided that his home lab was a "crack lab." Another was raided by the FBI after they decided he was a child pornographer. They of course found nothing at all in either case. And in past years the state of California tried to make it illegal for individuals to own chemistry glassware. And now the guy below is hassled for having biology lab equipment at home. This crap is DANGEROUS. I'm not very political, but I know exactly who is the poster-child for the highly ignorant "dark forces" pouring fecal matter on the US constitution. I advise any science-hobby people in the USA to think very carefully about this trend before casting votes in the upcoming election. Consider writing your elected official. So few people do this, that if you decide to write, your voice will have an unusually large impact.  
    BAD NEWS: FBI GOES AFTER A SCIENCE-ARTIST | Cops tackle, cuff scientist for being in woods
    Forum | WIRED story | CSM Article | TV coverage
    Defense fund | More news | "Free Range Grain"
    I just bought my own overhead projector. Apparently Boeing engineers are ditching all of theirs, so they're only $25 at Boeing Surplus warehouse in Seattle; (more for the fancy collapsible portable versions.) In the past at very small conferences I've had problems because they'll set up video for laptops, yet balk at tracking down an overhead. I've always wanted one of my own. Some evolution:
    1. Dirt and a pointy stick (isn't it all we could ever want?)
    2. Clay tablet (well, it does have "save." Lacks instant-erase)
    3. Napkin (for restaurants lacking dirt floors)
    4. Chalkboard (good for audiences above 5 members)
    5. Dry-erase whiteboard (less messy than chalk)
    6. Overhead projector (for huge audiences)
    7. Powerpoint (huh! wtf! CANNOT DRAW ANYTHING?!!! )
    Powerpoint: twenty thousand years of technical advancement has given us a "chalkboard" where nobody can draw sketches or schematics while thinking out loud, or while answering audience questions. Yet NOBODY NOTICED?!!! GAH!!!!! Powerpoint is a computer-based slide projector, and cannot replace overhead viewgraphs or even chalkboards. I shudder to think what the next stage could be. And I'm even more convinced that guys like "The Iceman" with their woven grass backpacks and wickedly sharp flint weaponry were the peak of advancement, while everything afterwards has been slow creeping unnoticed degradation. :)
    05/15/2004    More shameless self promotion: here's my only invention for sale:
    Visible Electricity, sold by Arbor Scientific

    05/09/2004    Slapped together a tiny site for Seattle Outsider Artist Project S.O.A.P.  

    05/04/2004    I'm making a Seattle Links page. Abnormal resources.  

    05/08/2004    Moved microwave pyrex lava to Unwise Experiments  

    Friday, time for another Weird Science Salon, the monthly meetings at my place in Seattle. But after all these years they've finally grown too large for this small livingroom. Tonight's meeting will be at Seattle's new UFO museum, the Museum of the Mysteries, on Broadway in the the Capitol Hill region. 730PM to midnight. The usual bulk-purchase stuff will be for sale: supermagnets, levitation graphite, ferrofluid samples, scihobb bumper stickers, copper Lenz-law tubes, 7,500Vdc power supplies, etc.  

    05/07/2004    Added a bit to Physics Sermon #49  

    04/26/2004    Old article, never linked here: The Research Game  

    03/22/2004    Added On defeating shyness  

    03/22/2004    Added Nipple Cola  

    03/16/2004    The Network54 free web-forum service has unethical features: some of their popup ads take over your IE browser and install a new default homepage; an advertisement.  

    03/15/2004    Heh. Traffic in the year 2050, another traffic animation :)  

    03/03/2004    Holy creeping Capitalism Batman! It's the end of an era. Sci. Hobbyist now has BANNER ADS. But wait, there's more! The ads are run by Google, there's no graphics, and the products are somewhat chosen via the website keywords: science toys, kits, high voltage devices, etc. I'm putting most of them along the site edge like ads in a magazine. Comments? Is google an evil giant corporation? Not just yet. We'll see...  

    03/01/2004    Our group got some publicity in Seattle Times (back in Sept) Here's the photo that went with the above.  

    02/17/2004    A talking creepy billb head made by Sandra P. RATS!!! the Hanes veepers site is now dead. Try this one instead. Or this Al Jarry head talking in his infamous monosyllables.  

    Huh. If you search Google for keyword "microwave oven," guess which site is right at the top of the list?  

    NEWS FLASH: Molten lava in your microwave oven! I had a piece of volcanic glass from a science store, so I perched it on the end of a vertical metal cylinder placed in my microwave, heated it to a dull red glow with a propane torch, then turned on the oven for several minutes. A hotspot appeared on the obsidian, grew bright, then moved to the interior. After awhile the obsidian fragment glowed red again and the surface softened and cracked open, revealing a brightly glowing yellow interior which started flowing outwards. Mini lava flow! When cooled, I found that the hottest part of the melted obsidian had foamed up and turned white. Pumice! Creating pumice in your kitchen from home-made molten lava. Apparently this obsidian is full of dissolved gasses, so it must have originally cooled while still underground (under pressure) where it couldn't turn into pumice or into an ash cloud. Note that I only succeeded after removing the glass platter from the oven. With no other big absorbers in the oven, the platter was eating all the watts.

    OLDER: trying to melt pumice in a microwave oven. It does glow orange when nuked (pre-heat with propane to trigger the effect.) But only the sharp edges soften. Next to try: changing ash from Mt. St. Helens back into lava again.

    EVEN OLDER: microwave ovens can melt glass, but only if the glass is first pre-heated to dull red heat. I melted a hole in the side of a bottle by nuking it, after first heating up a small spot with a plumber's torch. I had to stop it after 60 seconds or the stream of liquid glass might touch and shatter the rotating glass platter. The bottle shattered during cooling, so wear goggles!


    11/12/2003    Added more to Unwise Microwave Oven Experiments: FAQ  

    10/27/2003    SCIAM SCIENCE PROJECTS ARE BACK! I fixed the links on sciam1.html so they now point to backup copies at  

    Igor says repeat this loudly over and over until your IQ drops significantly: LITTLE TINY HEAD. NO ROOM FOR BRAIN! Little TINY head. NO room for BRANE...  

    10/24/2003    Found some more interesting toys  

    Sometimes at a boring party you'll find some helium balloons used as decorations. You task is to release them from bondage. Fly! Be free! But sitting against the ceiling is not freedom. So, collect carrot sticks and celery from the food trays, tie a hunk to each balloon, trim down their strings to a minimum, then carefully nibble down the hanging vegetable until the balloon neither falls nor rises. Leave it hanging in air, and it will float annoyingly around on the air currents, or perhaps be attracted to the back of various hair-dos by electrostatic forces (especially if you've thoroughly rubbed the entire surfaces of each balloon against your arm-hair before letting it loose.) OK, Dr. Von Fronk-en-steen, now combine several mylar balloons to make a single monster duct-tape zero-gee asteroid! (See link below)  

    10/22/2003    Added Antigrav Boulder. Your pet asteroid drifts around the house.  

    The "Rijke tube" is a very strange device. Jam some metal screen into one end of a metal pipe, hold it vertically with the screen end downwards, and heat the screen with a flame. The thing starts loudly howling. The gentle convection-breeze with the hot screen acts as an audio amplifier. The howl is feedback (a longer tube makes a lower tone.) Brainstorm: inject helium or CO2 into the lower end to change the tone. Send it a sequence of gasses and it will change your gas-data stream into music. Or be boring, and just add a telescoping pipe to create a Thermal Trombone.  

    09/30/2003    Added an Excel numerical toy, a pulse-wave crawling along a power line.  

    Poor man's liquid nitrogen: chunks of dry ice in an insulated container of rubbing alcohol. Amazingly enough, many of the things you can do with liquid nitrogen are associated with its great thermal coupling power. It's a liquid, so it touches the entire surface of any object dipped within. Dry ice is cold, and SEEMS to work poorly, so most people assume that this is because it's only -110F, not -320F. Wrong. It's because dry ice is not a liquid, and any object stuck into a dry ice container is insulated by the layer of gas. It cools down, but only very slowly. So, use dry ice chunks to chill some alcohol! Then try freezing and shattering a rose or a rubber band. Make springs and chimes out of solder or lead sheets. Dip an operating LED into the stuff and watch it grow intensely bright. Some supermarkets carry dry ice (such as QFC in Seattle.) Or check your yellow pages. A buck a pound.  

    09/22/2003    Added a separate Comment Book to Electricity Questions page  

    As a kid I tried to grow crystals using table salt. But first I made a big jar of salt solution so the white stuff would settle out (salt is normally full of anti-caking agent.) But then, my salt solution ESCAPED! It crawled out and made a run for freedom. You see, salt grows crust, but the crust is wet with concentrated salt solution. So then the crust grows crust. And more crust grows on that. Within a matter of hours your jar of salt solution can grow crust on the glass which extends up the side and over the lip, and then the wet crust becomes a siphon. If the humidity is low, the salt water crawls out and forms a large pool on the floor, leaving a mysteriously empty jar. Hey, maybe this explains how battery acid can escape from your car battery and form those big white crusty things on the battery terminals.  

    08/01/2003    Always adding more to Weird Links, non-science  

    People spend years learning to sound just like Jimmy Stewart or Elvis. Why not do something far more useful: do impressions of YOURSELF, but a version of yourself who has a trachea full of Helium. Make tapes of yourself on helium, then learn to speak the same way but without any helium. Get several others together and go on the road... "Barbershop Faux Helium Singers." Maybe do some Mitch Miller numbers.  

    07/22/2003    Added PFI, a local Seattle legend, gourmet food warehouse store.  

    07/18/2003    Added Fingernails on blackboard, explained!  

    Hey, that "threadlike electric wind" phenomenon from 1998 won the Nobel prize last year. Dr. J. Fenn uses it to make a row of micro droplets each with protein molecules inside, then evaporates the water, leaving a "beam" of charged proteins which can be accelerated in a vacuum chamber and their mass determined. "Electrospray ion-trap mass spectrometry." The tiny droplets can travel at tens of MPH through the air apparently because they behave like a moving column, not like individual droplets. Nikola Tesla wanted to use liquid mercury electrospray micro-droplets accelerated by a 100 Megavolt VandeGraaff machine. He claimed that it was an effective weapon over many kilometers. Like a water-jet cutter, but with a much smaller and denser "blade."  

    06/10/2003    Adding more to How Transistors REALLY work. Also a short version.  

    If escalators are driven by standard AC motors, then as more and more people pile onto the descending escalator, finally the current phase will reverse and energy will be dumped into the power grid. The escalator's induction motor becomes a generator! The escalator lowers all those heavy flesh hunks, and the energy has to go somewhere. If you want to make a small donation to a company whose building has escalators, then walk up the stairs, but ride the escalator down.  

    06/05/2003    Experimenting with cyborg text brain implants: the RSVP speed-reading protocol. It's like text-to-speech software, but aimed at your retinas rather than ears. Disable your eyes' muscles and pour the text directly into your brain at high speed. Here are three examples done in GIF animation: slow, fast, faster. See Speeder reader museum exhibit.  

    06/04/2003    Making The Ice which does not Melt  

    05/24/2003    At long last added an actual biology section.  

    05/24/2003    Added Human IR sense detects hail? to the 'weird sci.' section. It's subjective and might not be real, so I didn't put it under 'amateur sci.'  

    Sheep mowing your lawn? Forget it! You'd have to build a barn for 'em and clean up the sheep poop. BRAINSTORM: plant your whole yard with catnip, and let the neighborhood cats keep it trimmed. Actually this might even work. I noticed that at the end of winter my flowerpot of catnip on the front porch wasn't regrowing, yet the stump had many tiny leaves. I put a cage over it and within a day there were large green shoots taking off. Neighborhood cats had kept it trimmed way back.  

    05/20/2003    Added to misconception list: a Lemon Battery can't light a bulb. This classic school science experiment actually doesn't work. It never did. Fortunately there are other things you can do with a lemon battery. Also, if you have a supercapacitor, then you can cheat.  

    04/18/2003    Found old article: making square wheels Anyone with some machine shop skills should try making a set of these things. They look really cool when made in gleaming polished acrylic. Stick them on a little axel and they'll roll smooth and silently across a glass tabletop... yet they're CUBES. The tetrahedron version looks almost as odd.  

    Where's the dividing line between "site update news" and "Blog"? Have I injected sufficient humorous comments to qualify?  

    03/30/2003    Added OK, how do wings REALLY work to the Airfoil mistake section  

    02/11/2003    Updated hoaxes page with "Radioactive Nightmare" Also "megavolt body charger." Make yourself into a human VandeGraaff generator. Use laying-on-of-hands to perform anti- healing ceremonies on cellphones and laptops.  

    The word of the day is "Serrodyne." I've heard of Heterodyne and even Superheterodyne, but "Serrodyne" is a new one on me. How could I have missed it? Simple: it's very recent. Also it's very weird: change an incoming high-freq signal's frequency by using Doppler shift! Then just add your frequency-shifted signal to the original, and then a nonlinear detector will give you a nice low-freq signal at the difference frequency. Hobbyists take note: it lets you treat a light signal as if it were a radio channel. Split any laser into several different frequencies, then put separate data streams on each!

    For a microwave signal, just pipe it through a TWT (Travelling Wave Tube) while constantly increasing the drive voltage on the electron beam. For a light signal, just constantly move one end of an optical fiber (or instead wrap the fiber around a cylinder of piezo material and then constantly increase the cylinder diameter.) This shifts the frequency by a constant value. Mix it with the original, shine it on a photodiode, and you've moved a piece of the optical spectrum down into the radio spectrum! Pretty cool, eh? Serrodyne lets you treat light as if it were radio frequency.

    Of course you can't keep up the constant change forever, and that's where the "Serro" part comes in. Just move things in a sawtooth wave. Give your optical fiber constant drift in order to create doppler shift, but every so often jump it back to the start. Except for those brief jumps, the signal frequency will end up shifted. In other words, you've created "Serrated heterodyne."


    02/07/2003   Updated misconceptions list with why do clouds float? Clouds DON'T stay up there because the droplets are small, or because they're so light that existing updrafts can lift them. They stay up there because the air inside the cloud is warm. Oh, and why is the sky blue? Simple answer, but not one I've ever seen in any book.  

    12/28/2002   Added Drawing Holograms By Hand (2003), presented at SPIE Imaging conference. I actually submitted a paper to a science journal. It's just a conference proceedings, but still. Last thing I "published" was around 1980 as a coauthor on an instrumentation design for vision studies.  

    Added IR filter-goggles, $10 These really do work. Greenery in the landscape looks very weird. They let you see right through certain types of black IR filter. Be careful though, it might not be wise to use them without good solid UV protection.
    Added Dishonest Argument section to Closedminded Science During the next flamewar you can point out all your opponents' illegal ploys. Or not. "Never argue with an idiot. They just drag you down to their level, then beat you with experience."
    Added more to Electricity Misconceptions
    Added Humans can sense THERMAL infrared?
    Added Local Seattle Tech Jobs During job-search I couldn't find a good Seattle jobs portal with all these company pages. So I made a primitive one.
    Writing Ridiculed Discoverers, a list Aimed at those people who are certain that scientific consensus never makes mistakes, certain that crazy claims in science are never proved valid in later decades.
    Added Twenty Scientific Attitudes from 1/1990 Rational Enq.
    Added more to Skeptic Fallacies: They Laughed at the Wright Brothers Three very common arguments I constantly encounter in online Skeptic forums.
    Found an old article of mine: Watts, Ohms, Volts, and Amps Two things flow in wires: charge and energy... but they are deeply interconnected via voltage and Ohm's law.
    Updated the High-voltage diodes and coil-winding page
    Sorted the UNUSUAL PHENOMENA archive
    Added some ebay sections to Electronics Hobbyist
    Merged the english text into Grebennikov insect-antigrav book chapter Best crackpot article I've ever seen! It has all the earmarks of a genuine discovery. That, or the guy spins a very believable tale. Biological nanostructures which harness undiscovered elements of gravitational physics! Since he kept the "antigrav" insect species name secret, we'll never know if it was real.
    Fixed up weird newsgroups
    Added Brief testing of the Morton Effect I couldn't reproduce his claims. But then later I realized that my VDG machine has the wrong polarity. I'll have to take it apart someday and reverse the rollers.
    Update to carbon-to-iron experiment Alchemy! heresy! Striking an arc between big carbon blocks apparently creates a form of stainless steel, but without the usual problem of "radioactive grad students" or even incandescent chickens.
    Added How do Transistors Work? No, how do they REALLY work. What if we don't trust textbooks, but instead figure out the physics from first principles? This is the "Babylonian" method espoused by Feynman (as opposed to the Euclidian math-worshipping method used by contemporary science.)
    Old article: "Bions, leukocytes, and floaters" Wilhelm Reich's "orgone energy" is partly based on a misperception; strange wigglers in the environment are actually inside your eye.
    Added GIF diagrams to Tesla's Greatest Mistake He used the Earth as a giant waveguide for 5KHz power transmission.
    Got Adobe Atmosphere? (free!) Ever wanted to try building 3D objects? Or wondered whether the www of the future will be holographic? Get in on the ground floor! The free beta software lets you make complicated 3D objects and then publish them on the web as 3D 'worlds.' Make your own online science museum or sculpture gallery. Best of all, there's a realtime chat server, and your users can see each other!
    Playing with Adobe's Virtual Reality beta plugin & worlds
    Added entries to Electricity Misconceptions
    Added a CUPPA BURNING PLASMA to microwave demos Your microwave oven can create a pool of fluorescent gas. Poke at it quantum mechanically with salt grains. It gets fiercely hot though, and can shatter your Pyrex glassware.
    Added a graph of leakage for a small gravcap test (no thrust!)
    Added a couple of GIF drawings to INLINE KELVIN'S THUNDERSTORM Make high voltage with no moving parts except dribbling water.
    Added Ultra-simple hovercraft plans. These blower-driven plates can lift immense weights. We piled on as many kids as would fit, yet the darned things still glided along.
    Added photos to BEHAVIOR INSTRUCTIONS Skull awareness! Slowly, ever slowly my text-only prejudice is eroding...
    Added more answers to My Answers at Madsci
    Tesla's Shade whispers: "Coupled Oscillators." OoooooOOoo. The last wisps of summertime visionary experience still stun.
    More Energy Suction [LINK WAS BAD] What can yuh do with a drunken photon?
    Added Energy: a property? Or a substance?
    Added FPD: Newsgroup flaming as mental illness
    Added crude diagrams to Capacitor Complaints
    Added WHERE in the circuit does energy flow? (lots o' pictures!)
    Added Right Angle Circuitry
    Added animation to Flight Analogy
    Added more to Interesting Toys
    Added Airfoil Explanations
    Added an exerpt from TEXTBOOKS FLUNK OUT
    Added 'Squealing wall' laser demonstration
    Added Subtle Energy as structured white-noise
    Sorted the UNUSUAL PHENOMENA archive
    Added Smoke Ring Animation
    FOOD FOR THOUGHT: How can long EM waves be sent through a tiny hole?
    New report of a success with "gravity capacitor". To follow the discussion, see escribe. To see how to subscribe to this forum, see the FREENRG-L page.
    Added Pure Horganism to Closeminded Science section
    Major "energy-sucking antenna" debate on the SCI.PHYSICS.ELECTROMAG and the SCI.ELECTRONICS.DESIGN newsgroups caused me to add this simplified analysis of the "small resonant antenna" phenomenon.
    Added a new page: INTERESTING TOYS
    A freeware "traffic waves" screensaver sent to me. (.SCR for MS-WIN)
    More Energy Suction
    Added more stuff to What Is Electricity? and FAQ
    Added an animation to traffic experiments
    Added High-speed blimp-vortex, a silly idea.
    Added Levitron& and dishonesty
    Added Nerd/Misfit Resources and Don't blow up your school
    Added Cognitive Processes and Science-suppression
    Added Crackpot Theory the 3rd: "Invisible Wall" acoustic effect
    Added Crackpot Theory the 2nd: Energy-sucking Quantum Electrodynamics
    Added VDG WEIRDNESS: The Morton Effect
    Added WEIRD STUFF: anti-chirp scalar wave for Star Trek 'force field'
    Added Publicize inventions via "infection"
    Added UPDATE: Vector-potential free-energy device idea!
    Added My first crackpot theory: vector-potential energy source
    Added Energy-sucking radio antennas
    June 1999
    Added Ion-based Conductions in the Atmosphere (Yost's air-threads), RE Spalding, LANL (from SSE conference)
    Added Tesla's Big Mistake
    Added Benveniste's "water memory" send over wires
    Started a new discussion group for Amateur Science: SCICLUB-LIST
    Boston Globe article: TEXTBOOKS FLUNK OUT
    Added Exploding Coffee Water to Microwave oven page
    Old file that I never put on miscons page: Capacitor Complaint
    Started an Electricity FAQ [UNDER CONST.]
    More about What is Voltage [STILL UNDER CONST.]
     03/30/99 Added Electricity is not a form of energy!
     03/25/99 Added The difference between "current" and "static"
     02/25/99 Added Evolution Heresy
     02/15/99 Updated Ion Experiments (untried, suggested experiments.)
     02/05/99 Added "Static Electric" means "HIGH VOLTAGE"
     02/05/99 Worked on FAQ: Why I'm involved in Fringe Science.
     02/04/00 Added Weird science IS perception.
     02/02/99 Added LINKS: The Amateur Scientist column at SciAm magazine
     01/31/99 Added Physics Sermon
     01/30/99 Added more "abhorrence" to Abhorrent ideas in Science
     01/22/99 Added What a Shocking career!
     01/21/99 Added Fringe-sci and Crackpots and Breakthroughs, Oh My!
     01/18/99 Added a couple of Torsion-waves papers to Spin Waves page.
     12/26/98 Added hardware diagram to "Electrostatic Air Threads" page.
     12/20/98 New DOMAIN NAME: = http:/www.
      Just remember "AMASCI".  No more of that "eskimo ,dot, com, slash,
      tilde... you know, *tilde*, the spanish "enya," that little squiggle
      thing, the one over the backwards apostrophe key? OK? ..then billb, with
      two L's, NO, NOT billD, billB, with a "B" as in "boy,"  ...etc.
     12/14/98 Added Commercial sources links page for electrostatic generators
     12/07/98 Fixed up THE END OF SCIENCE
     12/06/98 Added 'Gotchas', antigravity experimental artifacts
     12/03/98 Late notice: added FREE STUFF for teachers links
     11/27/98 Broke my Quotes Collection loose from Closeminded
     11/26/98 Added Feynman book links to Feynman Page
     11/26/98 Addition to Audio Illusion
     11/25/98 Added WEIRD NEWSGROUPS
     11/08/98 Added ALT.SCI.AMATEUR
     10/28/98 Sorted the UNUSUAL PHENOMENA archive
     10/25/98 Weeded dead links & organized Electronics Hobbyist page
      10/8/98 Added newsgroup links to sci. ed. groups, sci. amateur groups, 
              and homeschooling page
      9/24/98 Added Skeptics Links page to WEIRD SCIENCE
      9/13/98 Added AIP Misconceptions List to the Miscon Page
      7/13/98 Added TRAFFIC EXPERIMENTS
      7/8/98 Added TRAFFIC JAM CURE
      6/27/98 Added Eyes and cornea tears, coherent white light, eyelash diffraction You'll go Blind!
      6/18/98 Added a Site Map (this is a big site, eh?  Large, even.)
      6/5/98 Bookstore: Buy books, help out THE SCIENCE CLUB
      6/6/98 Added Mysterious Electrostatic Air-threads
      6/2/98 Added Science Museum Exhibits addable database
      6/2/98 Made The Instructions into an addable database
     5/25/98 Added What is Voltage [UNDER CONST.]
     5/22/98 Added Ion Experiments (untried, suggested experiments.)
      5/1/98 Added Anti-spam resources
      5/8/98 Added VandeGraaff Generator Debugging
      5/4/98 Added Edu Newsgroups collected links to Dejanews service
      5/1/98 Added The DISGUSTO-SCOPE, a reprehensible use of innocent optical physics
     4/25/98 Added Mark Rehorst's Building Electrostatic Loudspeakers
      4/1/98 Added The Instructions (childhood brain modification)
      4/3/98 Added a Comment Book to Miscon page
     3/14/98 Figured out Dejanews archive access, added 
             one to Closeminded (see Philosophizin')
     3/11/98 Started MADSCI ANSWERS page, answers I submitted to the 
             "Ask a Scientist" project.
      3/8/98 Started Spin Waves, about a little-known backwater in physics 
             which might explain Psi, also 'free energy' and antigrav reports.
     3/5/98 Started Who's Who in Frontier Physics
     2/25/98 Added more stuff to site FAQ
     2/23/98 Response about "abundance" chain-letters
     2/22/98 Added "Am I just a pedantic science-nitpicker?" to Misconceptions page
     2/21/98 Added Todd Knudtson "Brown's Gas" article
     2/21/98 Added Abhorrent Ideas in Science to Closeminded.
     2/19/98 Added a SEARCHpage, w/sorted list of most popular pages here
     2/14/98 Added PHYSL's Textbook Misconceptions List
     1/30/98 Added some explanation to Mechanical Maglev
     1/27/98 Added TRAFFIC WAVES
     1/08/98 Added more to Vandegraaff Explanations (w/GIFs), and a VDG FAQ
     1/04/98 Added Science/Spiritual section to Weird Science
    12/01/97 Added Balloon Analogy to Wings Misconception Page
    11/30/97 Updated edu.html with Science Lesson Plans links
    11/16/97 Added THAT WHICH IS NOT SO...  YET
    10/12/97 Added KEEPING YOUR BEAD ON THE WIRE to Closeminded Science
    10/4/97  Accidental rm of dir. /weird, mostly restored now
            ( any new URL additions to Weird Sci. page were lost)
            I need to build a kicking machine like in coyote/roadrunner,
            to gently remind myself not to use rm *.*
    9/15/97  Working on Dry Ice Demos
    8/31/97  Started a Free Energy FAQ
    8/31/97  Redid Science Misconceptions, added an index.
    8/23/97  Added Vortex Cannons
    8/21/97  Added Antibubbles!
    8/16/97  Added Prometheus Game
    8/11/97  Remembered to add here: Crackpot Inventor's Rules
    8/11/97  Added Screwy Ideas Archive
    7/31/97  Digests at are malfunctioning, including freenrg-digest
    7/24/97  Added "Acoustimagnetoelectricism" to Misconceptions page
    7/16/97  Added Pseudoscience to Closeminded Sci.
    7/14/97  Added Ridiculously sensitive charge detector
    7/9/97  Added The Electricity Map
    6/28/97  Added Lens vs. Pinhole to Miscons page.
    6/16/97  Created Chemistry and magnetism page.
    6/8/97  Created ELECTRICITY ARTICLES page
    5/22/97 Added They Laughed at the Wright Brothers to Closeminded Science
    4/9/97  Added Flowing "static electricity", Enlarged Site FAQ
    4/7/97  Added Hum Notes, Hum References, and
            Bristol Hum to the Taos Hum Page
    4/5/97   Bill B. on the Laura Lee radio show on alternative science.
             Topic: the "Taos Hum".  Go to TSTRADIO for realaudio archive
            (warning: after free demo time, costs $$)
    3/28/97  Added A germ theory of education
    3/25/97  Added Heretic's booklist to Closeminded Science
    3/15/97  Added Hints for building electrostatic devices
    3/15/97  Added a site FAQ.
    3/14/97  Enlarged the Seattle Weird Sci. Hobbyists page
    3/9/97   Enlarged Sticky Electrostatics
    3/5/97   Enlarged the LED explanation article
    3/4/97   Enlarged the Hologram Hints page
    2/23/97  Added What is a VDG
    2/23/97  Added Tornado Chamber
    1/17/97  Added Tampere Replication and Test Ideas to Antigravity Page
    1/15/97  Added Gravity distortion viewer to Not your average const. project
    1/8/97   Added  Audio Absorber to Not your average const. project
    Merry X-mass! Added UFO Binoculars to Not your average const. project
    Added Swartz editorial on lift calc. to Bernoulli Misconception page
    Added "ice skate" misconception to K-6 Misconceptions page
    12/7/96 :
    Created Webpage Flaws page
    Created a separate Plasma Sphere page
    Extended Sparks & Lightning article
    Extended my Homopolar Generator article
    Added SPEED OF ELECTRICITY article to misconceptions page
    Started Science Fair Ideas Exchange
    Added "Ball Lightning" tube of Irving Langmuir article
    Started Airfoil Misconception page
    Started small Richard Feynman page for bookmarks
    Started SCIENCE EXHIBITS bulletin board (unused, now deleted.)
    Started science exhibits discussion WEBHEAD-L
    10/16/96: off the net. Any mail lost?
    Added Maverick versus Conventional Science (to Closeminded Sci.)
    Bill B. on the Laura Lee radio show on alternative science. Topic: Science ridicule of new ideas, infectious textbook errors, drawing holograms by hand. Go to TSTRADIO for realaudio archive (warning: after free demo time, costs $$)
    Created guestbooks for main page, Taos Hum, and kids expt's.
    Created ANTIGRAVITY subpage
    9/13/96: router crash, WWW and mail no work. Incoming and outgoing email vanishes.
    Added THE RESEARCH GAME: RULES to 'Closeminded Sci'
    8/6/96: Listproc is hung up. No list messages since Sun nite, staff fixed it late tuesday nite. Looks like those messages may be lost.
    Connected a Pop Bottle Motor to a bundt-pan Waterdrop Generator for the first time. Igor, IT LIVES! The motor turns a couple of revs and discharges the generator, silently charges up for about 20 seconds, then repeats. Things to try: it might be persuaded to run continuously by installing 20KV diodes in series with the wires to the inducer rings, so that shorting the generator output doesn't discharge the rings instantly.
    Added lots of links to the "Asking Science questions" site.
    Created "Ball Lightning" subpage.
    Drew more diagrams, gave the Wing Lift Misconception its own page.
    2/7/96 :
    Created Vandegraaf and Static Electricity subpage.
    Added 1 week of stats, Getstats1.2
    Added New Theories, Scorn, and Derision
    Added Scratch Holograms, a mid-1994 discovery
    Uploaded some 1993 PCBs and schematics for my "flowing electricity" museum exhibit device "Visible Electricity"
    5/8/95 :
    Putting another invention into public domain: my old Hall-effect, Lift-from-below, maglev device, also rotary-tubes motor maglev
    Drew some msPaint diagrams and uploaded "K6 Science Misconceptions" article I'd written for Boston Museum of Science back in 88-89.
    __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ LONG AGO __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __
    Met Mike Huffman, mad inventor. Started a temporary majordomo list for discussing his device, calling it Vortex-L.
    There aren't any good Tesla Coil pages. Only fan pages for that rock band. Guess I'll have to make one myself.
    Uploaded some keelynet files called "MRA DEVICE," and spread some announcements on various newsgroups. The resulting flamewar on alt.sci.fusion and sci.physics continued for weeks!
    Uploaded some old MOS Boston science museum exhibit notes: weird devices I conceived but never actually built, other than some crude prototypes.
    Moved over to, then put up a crude "science club" website on Figured out how to use NCSA MOSAIC freeware. Downloaded Winsock shareware from that guy in Australia (but didn't pay for it until like 2009!) Created a webpage on called Amateur Science, typed in some old science museum ideas, schematics, etc. Uploaded 10meg of Keelynet files and started "Weird Science." Convinced Yanoff, Virtual Library, and some guys on Stanford "akebono" to list my page. Those were the days, huh?
    Heard about a service in Seattle called "Connected dot com" which gave real internet access for only $30 per month (at 2400baud!!!!) I think my addr was Then I noticed that I wasn't getting billed. And when I missed payments, nothing happened! I contacted other users on the Connected Newsgroups and found that nobody else was receiving bills either. I later heard that the whole userbase at simply stopped paying. Then the Sheriff's department raided the ISP and shut it down, confiscating all the hardware (which apparently was stolen property.) Ah, the internet. It was already the internet, back before it even really had become the internet.
    Discovered a secret "hole" that gave free internet access!!! This was a big deal back in 1992. On the BBS card catalog for the Seattle Public Library dialup service there was a search for periodicals, but the search window was something called "Gopher" which then led off into a vast network of other sites. After discovering this thing called "Archie", I could find sites that accessed something called "Usenet Newsgroups." I wasted months searching around in all that stuff. I REALLY wanted to learn how to write my own Gopher "hypertext" pages with links to other sites. Too bad Gopher didn't have pictures. Now THAT would have been a good idea: imagine hypertext like Gopher was, but with graphic images! Why, that would let people publish their own free textbooks. People could display anything they wanted, and the whole world could come and look at it! What if billions of people could poke around in your filing cabinet? What would you put in it for them to find?
    On Compuserve, remember the SCIENCE FORUM? I was [71241,3623], hanging out and arguing about Pons Fleischman "CF," the airfoil fallacy, and other such terribly important topics.
    What were the non-online 1970s forums? Hobby groups! We getting together to come up with $735 to buy an S-100 kit computer, Altair-clone, Me, Tom J. and Neil M., with my modded color TV set, scratchbuilt modem and keyboard, and a modified IBM Selectric as printer. It actually ran, put first characters on the screen during 1978 Xmas break, snowed-in at the hospital dorms (a bunch of suddenly-screaming nerds frightened Neil's sister.) We could do all our Fortran-IV (and APL!) homework in the dorm, rather than taking our IBM card stacks out for the winter trek to bldg4 computing center. Figuring out how to steal time on the IBM-360 (via disused student accounts, even operator accounts with no passwords and infinite time alloted!) Playing Advent on the Dec-10 (and cheating, by reading the text dump of the main code.) Writing 8080 assembler, getting a 1K Conway's Life going, also speaking aloud to the Poly-88 computer using morse code, having it talk backwards with stored 1-bit audio recordings. Starting a Rochester comic store, Rebel Alliance comics, ran from 1982-84. Building a Flanagan Neurophone in the psych bldg. with Rik Razdan. Glued pennies to the floor in the psych building. Rediscovering the ancient geek sport rollerskating. Learning lockpicking, getting access to infinite extra dorm chairs (also illegally turning on our air conditioning during summer break.) Rigging the library old-stacks elevator panel with a hidden reed switch, to get instant access to the belltower. Breaking into the illegal steamtunnels on campus, later rigging them with passive opto-beam counter to detect other tresspassers (it got wet in spring melt, and counted up above a hundred thousand.) Accidentally hacked the PDP-8 by leaving a Dec Basic program running, which printed wise-ass answers on the model-43 teletype whenever newly-trained faculty tried any system commands, with program persisting despite power-shutdowns (they hadn't learned about ctrl-c command.) Never did install a belltower hidden bell-ringer box connected to phonelines. Or build a giant dot-matrix spray-can highway-printer for the back of the Valid Coach during trips to sf cons on the East Coast. Or make a bluebox, or even get a Captain Crunch whistle.
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