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Your pages on " How Do Transistors Work?" were a godsend! I have been trying to learn/understand electronics since I was about 14 (I'm 52 now) and FINALLY someone explained this concept in a way my inquiring and visually oriented brain could comprehend!
Great page and thanks!

Paul H.
Newalla, OK USA - Tuesday, October 29, 2013 at 17:53:22 (PDT)
Hi. Very neat info on scams. I had been involved over the summer with the Founder of several "free energy" companies, a Mr. Phil Talbert, thorugh doing work for his publishing Company Astral. He is totally connected wit the Searl people. Seriously wondering about you folks opinion on the 'Great" searl. Is he a 'Great Oz?'
Jamo Lorswal
Fort Lauderdale, FL USA - Saturday, October 26, 2013 at 20:31:44 (PDT)
Have you ever thought about publishing an e-book or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog centered on the same topics you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information. I know my viewers would appreciate your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an email.
Jaiper Feliciano
Houston, TX United States - Tuesday, October 22, 2013 at 07:52:30 (PDT)
I'm a trustee with Awesome Seattle. We give out $1000 of totally free cash money to someone with an awesome project idea in Seattle or the PNW every month. This month, we want really off-the-wall fun ideas rather than community-service type stuff, so I'm trying to get the word out to creative hacker/maker types in the city!

Details and example crazy projects, such as meat-filled pi?tas for lions at the zoo (my fav), or LED-filled balloon dance parties:

So I was wondering:

1. Do you have crazy awesome project ideas that you'd like to throw into the mix?

2. Could you send this challenge out to your membership and anyone else who might have cool ideas?

Let me know if you're willing to spread the word! Deadline is Oct 31st at midnight, and I'm available to consult on applications or bounce ideas around with people.

Rachel Popkin Trustee, Awesome Seattle
Rachel Popkin
Seattle, WA USA - Sunday, October 20, 2013 at 09:48:45 (PDT)

Is this Bill Beatty? I am a LONG time admirer who finally has access to the internet again- I used to use your essays to teach science kids in high school electricity... Thanks for your work over the years, and your courage in the face of the tower of babel scienc priesthood know-it-alls !! thanks, again, stuart
Stuart vencill
Joseph, OR USA - Tuesday, October 15, 2013 at 12:24:08 (PDT)
Interesting! Pegasus Research Consortium is following your work, my freind, and we would love to have you as an honorary member of our forum, we research all forms of energy, propulsion & taboo subjects, our analysis is free & accurate. Well done, even though i suspect you are too busy to join us ;) Luke, global moderator, founder Inventors Group at PRC....
USA - Monday, October 14, 2013 at 09:49:51 (PDT)
This is a really good read for me, Must admit that you are one of the best blogger I ever saw.Thanks for posting this informative article.
Stephanie Smith
New York, NY United States - Monday, October 07, 2013 at 08:14:53 (PDT)
Bill, thanks to your obsession for getting things exactly right, my obsession for trying to understand things exactly right has been temporarily satisfied (with respect to the basic principles of how electricity behaves in this case). And I'll be back for more. Cheers mate!
New Zealand - Monday, October 07, 2013 at 04:49:13 (PDT)
Hey I really love your website. You have a love of great stuff on science that are very information and engaging. Thanls
Pune, MH INDIA - Monday, October 07, 2013 at 02:01:22 (PDT)
i just want to ask you a question about inductor how it drops max voltage across it when we just apply supply volage?and also back emf does produce any back current?please answer my question
india - Sunday, September 22, 2013 at 11:04:41 (PDT)
HI.. i am acctualy work at a company that sell electrical equipment such as wiring devices, protection etc. But i get confusing weeks. Becasue i want sell and explain about RCD but.. many of "source" that "RCD" is to protect human from fatal electrocultation. Then i've try to find about electrocultation.. and it say ... when the current flow trough your body.. i ll try to find what the heck is current.. then i find in "you" there is no such "current" its flow... so getting confuse. but after spend everyday read your article.. my brain fully missconcept. since a long-long time ago, maybe people around me.. they think that... in the cable the "current" is flowing.... Since i've read your "out of mainstream teaching", start to understand .. the complex about electricity.. hahahaha.. for me is still complex .. That's all .. thanks alot ....
Tulus Budi Susilo
Bandung, Indonesia - Thursday, September 19, 2013 at 05:25:20 (PDT)
Still feeling weird about what I saw last night. There was a thunderstorm in the area. A light came down, twirled in front of my car, then went along side of me and disappeared. I was sober and three of the six people in my car witnessed the same thing. We were all afraid to say what we had seen, immediately. But within a few seconds, one passenger said, "what the hell was that?"

We all admitted to seeing the same thing simotainously right away. I'm still freaked out by this
Brian Subocz
Northampton, Ma USA - Friday, August 23, 2013 at 22:32:42 (PDT)

Simply awesome, brilliant, and scintillating. Loved tesla page. Hats off to you, and hope this site runs for ages...
Vivek Brahmbhatt
Bharuch, Gujarat India - Wednesday, August 14, 2013 at 22:22:07 (PDT)
Anyone in need of light sensitive paper for experimentation? Spectral Sensitivity: 360 to 620 nanometers. I have several rolls of this.
James Garner
Albuquerque, NM USA - Saturday, August 10, 2013 at 12:22:23 (PDT)
thank you science hobbyist
raf sistemleri
istanbul, USA - Monday, August 05, 2013 at 10:45:27 (PDT)
Depuis J?ai vu le nom d?Antoine Fabre d?Olivet sur votre site, Je vous invite ?voir nos ?ude et les grands progr? r?lis?, relative ?ses d?ouvertes sur la langue h?ra?ue et sa origine hi?oglyphique, sur notre site web: www [DOT]

Merci par les r?acteurs de genesirestituita.

If you love science, we love you

Angelo Bianchi
- Friday, July 12, 2013 at 02:55:01 (PDT)

Hello William,

I wanted to thank you for your excellent explanation of things electricity related.

I received education with emphasis on electrical engineering and i have to admit i never "understood" electricity. I studied all the formulas but what this capital I with unit [Ampere] was really standing for and what was travelling with the speed of light always remained nebulous to me.

Your writings finally provided my mind with sensible images (for now I only read a small part of the pages starting with the transistor but will surely go on) dissolving this uncomfortness about the subject.

14 years after my diploma i am still very interested in science and increasingly found that things related to electricity in particular did not "feel right".

When I saw that your articles are from when I was tought things in an unclear way - at least - I had to tell you how important your work is!

I sincerely thank you for your efforts!

Mr. Marian H.

Educated in Austria/Europe

(As you see not only the US is affected;-)

Marian H.
Austria - Thursday, July 11, 2013 at 09:42:16 (PDT)

how can i do to my new science club to my school pls
Rapheal Essilfie
ghana, USA - Tuesday, July 09, 2013 at 04:06:15 (PDT)
Hah this is funny stuff, I will no doubt find myself " Launching thought-balls at irritating drivers" whilst driving to work in the mornings.

I need to liven up my skip bin site a bit more with humor after reading this I think :)
Brisbane, QLD AUS - Friday, June 28, 2013 at 05:01:05 (PDT)

thank you very much with your discussion on "balloon balance" experiment. I was in 5th when i actually performed the experiment and showcased it to the parents and visitors on science day.

I became a mechanical engineer and learnt buoyancy.

Because we were child then and believed whatever is taught to us was right, it came as a shock to me that such a lie was taught to us.

I was searching for truth, and i found it here.

Thank you.
India - Thursday, June 27, 2013 at 01:08:43 (PDT)

I'm an aspiring yachtmaster and came here looking for a simple explanation of electricity that I could apply to the marine environment. What a discovery! Your clarity, analogy and meter are just what I needed!

One thing I would say is that I think you could take the 'bicycle wheel' analogy further. This was the moment that clicked everything for me!

The explanation of the 'instant friction' caused on the 'holding hand', when movement is made with the 'power hand' is, I think, I perfect illustration of the difference between the 'movement of charge' (amps) and the 'movement of power' (watts).

The extension I would recommend is to add volts and ohms by saying that the hand which is moving the wheel (the 'power hand' could belong to a young child, or a world-class strongman. Each may move the wheel at the same speed, of course (amps remain the same), but how hard you would have to squeeze to stop the wheel (ohms) would be different in each case.

In this way, you can describe the child as having a low voltage, and the strongman as having high voltage. I think this ties together the concepts quite nicely in that analogy.

At a stretch, you could perhaps even extend further to cover the concept of doubling volts = quadrupling watts. You could suggest that the person moving the wheel does so by grabbing it, spinning it, then releasing with one hand as he grabs with the other and repeats the process. In the analogy, if the person were to release the wheel, it would continue to spin. Obviously, the stronger the person, the faster the wheel would spin.

The hand squeezing to stop the wheel would still get get hot trying to stop the wheel, even if the 'power hand' had let go completely. So there is power in the movement of the wheel itself and how hard it would be to stop would be related to who had been doing the spinning - it would be easier to stop the child's spinning wheel than the strong man's.

If the 'power hand' had not let go, however, the wheel would be ever more difficult to stop! Not only would the you have to overcome the spinning of the wheel, but also the strength of the person still spinning the wheel.

In this way, we can see that the strong man not only has the benefit of strength when he grabs and spins, but he also has the benefit of being able to get to a faster spin rate - thus, to stop the wheel is made twice as difficult by combination of these two things.

Phew! I really hope I haven't misunderstood the underlying concepts now!

Thanks again for your very instructive page!
Ben McEvoy
Sydney, NSW Australia - Wednesday, June 05, 2013 at 19:35:15 (PDT)

Bill- Your site has got a ton of cool resources, and I'd love it if you added a link to our site somewhere it makes sense. My company manufacturers magnetic sweepers, separators, and other industrial magnets. Thank you!
Charlie Shields
Ventura, CA USA - Friday, May 31, 2013 at 14:49:51 (PDT)
really enjoyed your "why 3 prongs" article. request you add the swing back to HRG (high resistance grounding.) Mat
Mat Ansari
USA - Tuesday, May 07, 2013 at 11:26:27 (PDT)
I found your (i.e. Bill Beaty's) site via a youtube and a bit of googling.

You might be interested in which is a frozen forum, with evidence that nuclear weapons were a hoax, and presumably still are.

If you haven't heard the idea, it will probably seem a bit improbable. In which case the idea that nuclear power is also a fraud will seem even more improbable.

Anyway, have a look. It's entirely serious.
Ray West
Manchester, UK - Saturday, April 27, 2013 at 04:55:40 (PDT)

Many people have been persecuted for ideas that later turn out to be correct. The solution to this is simple: resolve that you'll never persecute anyone. And you can go further and put yourself in their shoes by developing your own new theory. However, unlike you, these people didn't pursue every idea they could think of. They chose a set of ideas that fit together and resonated with their personal beliefs. They made a synthesis that, although contradicting established knowledge, was coherent enough to robustly fill the gap that would be left if established knowledge was discarded. That's why everyone hated them.

An inevitable consequence of pursuing fringe theories is that there's a possibility you could be wrong. And if it someday turns out you were wrong, that would retroactively make you a liar. However, if you believe in your theory, you take that risk, because you know about the many people for whom such a letdown didn't happen.

As you explain yourself, it seems you are not that brave. For you the truth is not a precious gift worth trying to mine and smelt. For you the truth is just the cocaine sprinkled on your vegetables. You take in every idea you can find, with no selectivity, because you're determined to have the truth in your head. The problem is that even if you have the truth, you don't know the truth, because you have no way of finding it among all the countless contradictory alternatives.

This could be just your own problem, except you don't stop there. You unload your collected mess onto a public website, so whatever happens to someday be proven true will be linked to your name without you having done anything to earn it.
USA - Tuesday, April 23, 2013 at 04:54:08 (PDT)

Nice project. My site might be of interest for science hobbyists interested in ways to tap 'energy from the vacuum', why the aether is back again and why signals faster than the speed of light are possible.
Cornel Slenters
Switzerland - Friday, April 19, 2013 at 09:10:40 (PDT)
making a film on Zug Island
Adam Makarenko
Toronto, Ontario Canada - Wednesday, April 10, 2013 at 22:11:43 (PDT)

I found your Aviation and Education links on the internet and maybe you would like to add:

I wrote the Dutch version ten years ago and since then it is visited by Dutch and Belgian schools for lessons and work pieces.

Since the website is visited by other than Dutch speaking people, I translated the website in (British) English.

It is about the amazing Wilbur and Orville story, but also about what followed with an amazing speed. The technical part covers the engine, the wing, control and how to build something light and strong.

I think it it suitable for grade 6-8 and beyond.

Kind regards,
Hans Walrecht
The Netherlands

Hans Walrecht
Alkmaar, Netherlands - Tuesday, April 09, 2013 at 09:27:27 (PDT)

You rock man.
Scott M Collingwood
Murwillumbah, NSW Australia - Wednesday, April 03, 2013 at 21:07:31 (PDT)
What a great site! Would that something this clear and understandable were written in all those numbing books I struggled thru in my youth. You have clarified some major questions I have had about electricity, and I thank you! Email me if you ever write a book (which you should). Thanks again!
jim rogers
columbus, oh USA - Sunday, March 31, 2013 at 05:54:23 (PDT)
Take a VDG into a photo dark room. It glows purple with time. With many watching, eventually one gets too close. Sort of like a perverse spin the bottle. Discovered this by accident with students.
Bob Pearson
Philomath, OR USA - Wednesday, March 27, 2013 at 20:53:53 (PDT)
Why do people hate science?

But Jesus said: ?Put your finger here, and see my hands; and put out your hand, and place it in my side. Do not disbelieve, but believe? (John 20.27).

We think that: ?Put your finger here and put out your hand? is the basis and the criteria of modern science; i.e., look with your eyes and touch with your hands.

My name is Angelo Bianchi, I am a researcher, from Italy.

Each language has its own etymology, Biblical Hebrew no, why? And yet Fabre Antoine d'Olivet discovered and published it in 1814.

Following the Napoleonic campaign in Egypt, and about twenty years before Champollion deciphered the Egyptian hieroglyphs, D'Olivet discovered that also the Hebraic language, using the characters of its alphabet, expressed the ancient Egyptian language. This is the (unacceptable) discovery. On this basis, i.e. the Egyptian hieroglyphic language, D'Olivet produced the etymological dictionary of the Hebraic language, and restored the Hebraic grammar from the serious alterations produced by the LXX.

These words that you are reading are written in English. We can translate them into Braille or into Morse code. The means we used to write the message has changed but the language, the idiom, is still the same, the English language. Similarly, with the Greek characters the Copts expressed the Egyptian hieroglyphics. Instead of hieroglyphs or demotic, the message is expressed by way of other characters, the characters of the Greek language. D'Olivet discovered that also the Hebraic language, using the characters of its alphabet, expressed the ancient Egyptian language.

Every honor goes to Antoine Fabre d'Olivet. We have only added further studies to his great work, with a software for biblical studies and new scientific knowledge, unconceivable in the early 19th century.

In the new translation only the most complex ideas and concepts have been restored, while the simplest ones have remained almost unchanged.

If this new translation is fascinating for you and if you think that it should be studied more thoroughly, please see all our work, six years of work: Nine chapters of the Creation in the restored translation and interlinear translation; the etymological root vocabulary, notes and explanations, etc., in the website

Thus, now, Faith and Science can coexist.

I beg you, I beg you to spread it among your universities, in your country!

Do you rememeber Galileo Galilei? He was condamned; do you remember Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis? He died in a mental hospital, etc.

Sapere aude!

Please give me whichever answer, your opinion, your judgment Angelo, Italy
Angelo Bianchi, Italy
Italy - Sunday, March 24, 2013 at 06:51:33 (PDT)

Hey nice resource - glad I stop by.
Free Stuff
USA - Wednesday, March 13, 2013 at 20:37:14 (PDT)
Love your site! I am looking to explain Joule, watt, fluence and amp in a very simple and elementary way for a laser didactic curriculum. Help!?!? :)
scottsdale, az USA - Tuesday, March 05, 2013 at 13:01:46 (PST)
Bill, Thanks for helping to make the Let's Build a Goddam Tesla Museum campaign last fall. Your mini-coils were a big hit, and we are grateful for your contribution of them. I have had a few people ask if they could still get one, and I wondered if I could purchase a few more from you. If you don't have any left to sell, could you advise me on where the best source is for obtaining a few? I'll look forward to hearing from you. Thanks again. Jane
Jane Alcorn
Shoreham, NY USA - Friday, March 01, 2013 at 15:45:07 (PST)
Hello, just want to say thank you, I did the simple ac generator for my daughter's school project, it works perfect. I bought exact materials n followed instructions, thnx :)
Starling B.
Van Nuys, CA USA - Saturday, January 26, 2013 at 20:54:13 (PST)
Have a loop antenna transmitting at low frequency..coupled with a smaller loop antenna. Which I guess means both share the transmitting's antenna stored energy or Q,an electromagnetic field. While I know distance and such causes loss dont want to fuss on that right now. BUT say I have a loop antenna If my non-transmitting antenna that is coupled with the other loop antenna..suddenly starts transmitting..what does that do?
hampton, va USA - Wednesday, January 23, 2013 at 12:10:32 (PST)
Thank you Mr. Beaty. I'm trying to teach myself while teaching my kids ages 13 & 14 about electronics. In 1964 I was trying to teach myself electronics and had very little information (a couple of books.) Today, we have the Internet and very generous people such as yourself. We really appreciate your work and art of teaching. It's my opinion that to really know you must teach. You obviously know. Thank you again!
Bill Parsons
Redding, CA USA - Monday, January 21, 2013 at 01:34:26 (PST)
sigorta yap?an nakliyat firmalar?hangileridir merak edenlere bilgiler istanbulda (evden eve nakliyat istanbul firmas?
evden eve nakliyat
istanbul, 34746 TR - Wednesday, January 16, 2013 at 00:38:08 (PST)
Hi i saw your articale on 3D magnetic field and i would like to ask would the steel wool always need to be shook so hard for it to seperate? And would i need to shake it hard too when they have settled to the bottom. I am trying to build something similar but only with a acryllic cylinder and is fixed to something, the only thing i can do is rotate it so i can't keep shaking it that hard. If anyone has any answer please email me at Thanks alot.
singapore - Monday, January 07, 2013 at 07:01:49 (PST)
Please come back and save the vortex-l email list from Jojo Jaro the Vicious Troll. We need your moderation.
[Following of hunches, listening for divine inspiration, obeying commands of my subconscious, I wrote numerous warning messages but couldn't send a single one. It was 'just wrong.' Finally I decided to stop all such mystical crap and clamp down on vortex-L. Before I could do so, 1.) my car keys disappeared for half a day, 2.) My car battery died, 3.) I acquired food poisoning or stomach flu & was in bed 2days. When I finally recovered and got to a computer, it seemed that my subconscous had had its own plans, and had been using my acute infection to cure a ...chronic one. If I hadn't been bedridden, I'd have come in shooting, and messed it all up! -billb]
Vortex-L Reader
USA - Wednesday, January 02, 2013 at 22:52:30 (PST)

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