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DIY REPAIR OF "BD-10" VIOLET WAND
VACUUM LEAK TESTER, QUACK TESLA COIL
2015 W. Beaty

ETC corp. violet wand vacuum-tester, in cylindrical black phenolic case w/ribs, small black adjustment knob on one end, metal rod-point electrode on other
These handheld Tesla Coils from the 1950s are still being made, and repair-parts are still available. Today they're commonly used in physics and chemistry labs, science classrooms, and also used for finding pinholes in plastic tank liners. They create ozone and UV light, and are still found in use for skin treatments in some beauty parlors and barber shops. They originated in 1905 from the quack-medical arena, where they were claimed to cure everything from baldness to diabetes to cancer. Today (2015) the new ones cost $250 and up, but you can still find many antique versions on eBay. (After you've repaired these one or two times, you can buy cheap dead ones and get them working again.)

Common failures

Secrets of disassembly

  1. Make or buy a custom 5/16 nut-driver
  2. Remove the nut found deep inside the HV socket
  3. Remove (unscrew) the plastic adjustment knob from its brass screw (*)
  4. Dig out the brown sealing wax from two brass screws on the flat base
  5. Remove the two screws
  6. Unscrew the entire Bakelite upper half
  7. Push out the buzzer assembly Be careful not to break thin wires between two coils (*)

Custom nut-driver

The small nut inside the HV socket is 5/16". However, the inside diameter of the HV socket is under 7/16", much narrower than any nutdriver tip's OD. This custom tool can be bought from Electro-Technic, or you can make your own by grinding down a standard 5/16" nutdriver's tip to under 0.42" 0.D.

Plastic adjustment knob

(*) The plastic knob on the adjustment screw is sometimes too tight to remove. Try turning it fully CCW (all the way out,) then twist hard so the plastic knob unscrews from its threaded post. If it's more than finger-tight, you'll need thin needlenose pliers or a small 11/64 wrench. Use one of these to grasp the flatted brass screw-shaft below the knob, then twist the knob CCW by hand or with pliers padded with paper towel. Don't squeeze the bakelite knob too hard!

Main Assembly Stuck!

(*) Sometimes the main assembly will not budge from the bottom plastic cylinder. It's a common failure: the wax capacitor adjacent to the 120V buzzer drive coil has melted, and glued itself to the inner surface of the Bakelite. Often it's possible to force a thin steak knife into the gap between the plastic and the wax glob. Work it along until you can pass the knife entirely around the main assembly. That frees it up.

HOW IT WORKS

  • The AC drive on the lower coil will keep the small iron slug vibrating.
  • First, the vibrating contacts are open. This lets the AC supply-voltage momentarily charge the wax capacitor, max 160V at peak. The vibrator coil is in series, so the current and magnetism is building up there.
  • The vibrating contacts close. This connects the wax capacitor to the few-turns Tesla primary. A large oscillating impulse appears, with path through the wax capacitor and the Tesla coil primary.
  • With the contacts closed, the Tesla primary is providing a path between the 120VAC power supply directly to the vibrator coil (since the Tesla primary acts like a short circuit for 120VAC. It's inductance is tiny.) The AC drive then kicks this coil, keeping the vibrating contacts going.
  • The high-freq oscillation in the Tesla coil primary is driving the Tesla coil secondary. Extreme high voltage appears between the AC neutral wire and the hollow metal connector in the end of the device.
  • The high-freq HV oscillation dies away. The contacts open. This time there was a large current in the vibrator coil, so with open contacts removing the short, the coil dumps its stored inductor energy into the capacitor, charging it well above 160V.
  • The cycle repeats.
  • [Note that the AC line has a direct metal path to the Tesla coil terminal. If the AC hot and neutral connections got reversed, any metal object stuck in the socket becomes a 120VAC electrocution hazard!]

A BIT OF HISTORY

These are the last of the quack-medical violet wands, the Bleadon-Dun Model Ten "Violetta." The brown phenolic case even still reads BD-10. These were saved from the 1951 FDA banning because all kinds of professional scientists and neon signmakers were using them to ignite plasmas in glassware, detect pinhole leaks in vaccum systems, or to serve as an inexpensive pre-built Tesla Coil for various instrumentation and in university classrooms. After Bleadon Dun Inc was no more, Electro-Technic products, Welch Scientific, and Chicago Electric Scientific Co. were selling them. Yet, the "alternative health" pamphlets for BD-10 can still be found, with claims to be cures for alcoholism, arteriosclerosis, cancer, TB, diabetes, deafness, epilepsy, whoopig-caugh, warts, and of course brain-fag (fatigue.)

Here's the first one, the B & B Coil of 1905, only $165 (so, over $4000 in 2015 dollars)

LINKS




 




http://amasci.com/tesla/violet_bd-10.html
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