What the heck is a Tesla Coil, anyhow?
2012 W. Beaty
What is a Tesla Coil?
It's a resonator. But it uses electromagnetism, not sound. So there's
our top definition right there: A TESLA COIL IS AN ORGAN PIPE FOR RADIO
A Tesla Coil is a spiral made of wire, either in the form of a cylinder,
a pancake, or cone. So very simple. And yet ...not.
A Tesla Coil is a kilowatt radio transmitter, called by Marconi "the
Spark Transmitter" (see what he did there?) Spark transmitters (Tesla
coils) were very famous at the dawn of radio during the Morse Code era.
They made communication possible across oceans and between distant
countries. I mean, spark transmitters became famous. Not Tesla Coils.
Even though they're the same device: a grounded spiral wire with a HV
power supply and a spark gap. Everyone knows that Marconi invented
the spark transmitter, while "Tesla Coils" are only good for making
lightning bolts in Frankenstein movies, (unless you re-name them "Spark
Transmitters" and walk away with the Nobel Prize.)
A Tesla Coil is for making physics departments look bad. In 1890s
academia, back during the "mine's bigger" stage of Induction Coil
development, the stature of any major laboratory could be rated in inches
of spark they could achieve. This was similar to the 1930s, when
universities were rated in inches of cyclotron diameter and number of
Mega-eVs. Induction coils in physics labs used hundreds of thousands of
turns of wire. Tesla's own coils used about a hundred turns,
yet gave out sparks which were THREE TIMES LONGER than the top physics
departments. Who's your daddy?
A Tesla Coil can be used as a step-up transformer, but Tesla himself
distained this notion. In fact, the high voltage actually comes from
resonance, not from the high turns-ratio as with induction coils. Tesla
preferred to use them not as transformers but instead as single
stand-alone coils. Just a coil, no "primary and secondary." He'd drive
them with high voltage AC through the "ground wire" at the base.
It's an AC power supply used for many things besides transmitting
radio. It's a source of extreme high voltage, but unlike the VandeGraaff
machine, it's capable of hundreds/thousands of watts output.
A Tesla Coil is basically the same as a Vandegraaff Electrostatic
Generator, but one for AC instead of DC.
It's a way for early science labs to achieve electric potentials far above
It's a high-wattage RF generator useful for industrial induction
heating and plasma processing
It's a waveguide, but not for microwaves. Instead it works at radio
frequencies in the longwave bands.
A Tesla Coil is a waveguide of a certain particular length; intended
for storing intense standing-waves inside.
Tesla coil: the first high-frequency switching power supply.
It's the power supply used to create the high-volts in all CRT-based video
It's the high-frequency spark generator found in automobile
It's the power supply for those "plasma globe" art devices.
It's the power supply for CCFL bulbs and fluorescent tubes (every LCD
laptop display has a tiny tesla coil running its LCD backlight)
And finally, a Tesla Coil is a mega-engineering tool appearing in the
illustrations for Tesla's popular articles in magazines. But today we
have no idea how Tesla planned to use it do the things depicted.
"Believers" are convinced that Tesla had some novel ideas he kept secret.
But rest of the modern engineering and scientific communities are sure he
had no such ideas, and that his only secret was that he'd gone crackpot,
and his ideas didn't actually work. But both sides of this fight are
speculating, since we never actually funded Tesla to prove his
"exaggerated" claims. His 'exaggerated' AC motor claims turned out
real, as did his crazy AC grid, as did the Tesla coil (spark transmitter)
taken and used for worldwide broadcasts. All were derided by top experts
of the time, directly violated contemporary physics, and only prevailed
against opponents because they were built and operated.