Biochemical Implications of
Multi-peaked crystal radioBut now we're talking about something very cool: collective frequency patterns of groups of coupled oscillators. This is hidden within QM physics, inside quantum field theory and the wave-functions in Solid State statistical concepts (Fermi surface and similar stuff.) But if we ignore the usual textbook treatment and instead view atoms as being electrical resonantors or individual "crystal radios", something extremely interesting is revealed. It's something that's not explicitly in any physics textbook, as far as I know. It has direct engineering applications. Check it out:
Single atoms are obviously analogous to conventional radio transmitters and receivers: if their tuning doesn't match, then the "receiver" cannot hear the "transmitter".A molecule would be even more complex. Imagine that the radio transmitter had five tuning knobs and ten "coupling" knobs, and its signal could only be strongly received by an identical receiver... and only received if the fifteen knobs on the receiver were set to the exact same setting as those on the transmitter! Change just one knob setting, and the receiver would only detect a tiny "off peak" style of nonresonant signal. Instead of having a single tuning knob, a multiple-coupled-resonator radio would have a multi-dimensional "secret code" like a combination lock. It would be just like secure spread-spectrum systems, but this is a naturally-occurring analog version rather than digital with microprocessor.
Or another way to say it: in terms of frequency space, transmitters and
receivers would possess complicated "virtual shapes," and could only
communicate when the receiver's "shape" matched that of the transmitter.
I suspect that this is what N. Tesla was talking about when he claimed to
have an "unbreakable" and "non-interferable" radio cryptography system
back at the turn of the century. A row of Tesla coils wound on the same
cylinder, but each with its own tuning knob, should behave as described
above. Instead of creating a single narrow emission line, it would
produce a "chord." (Did Tesla ever talk of such a thing?!) It's a
radio system. The five tuning knobs mentioned above correspond to the
atoms in a five-atom molecule.
Bizarro-resonanceBut any EM receiver would "hear" the signal at least partially, so how can this allow secure transmissions? Ah, but normal receivers aren't "resonant" in this odd way. Normal receivers might sense the existence of the signal as noise, yet be unable to decode it. Suppose a knob on the multi-peak transmitter is changed back and forth. All the spectral lines shift slightly in various ways. Then the multi-peak receiver's resonance with the transmitted signal will be greatly spoiled, periodically, yet 3rd-party listeners won't detect any obvious change because the transmited signal still resembles the same pink noise. We can send a sort of "FM" frequency modulation to which a multi-peak receiver responds strongly, while a normal single-resonator receiver won't even notice the modulation. For a secure transmitter, use fifty coupled oscillators and hundreds of coupling adjustments, then tune an identical receiver to the same pattern (so the receiver is in "bizarro-resonance" with the transmitter.) Now transmit a continuous signal. I believe such a receiver will respond very strongly, just like the "energy sucking" mode of a crystal radio's resonator. Next, modulate the transmitter by varying one or more of the transmitter adjustments slightly, and the overall amplitude of the signal received by the receiver will vary enormously. You can communicate via a sort of "FM radio" effect. But anyone who tries to listen in will hear nothing but constant unmodulated "thermal noise spectrum."
This is "geometrical" tuning, where the "virtual shape" of the receiver
must match the "virtual shape" of the transmitter, and where similar
"shapes" can communicate by a nasty-complicated signal which looks like
plain old wideband noise. Sounds more like Sympathetic Magic than
Here's an added thought (Dec 2005.) Throw a small bit of nonlinearity
into both transmitter and receiver, and then the multi-peak transmitted
spectrum will fill with Fractals (the waveform will become Deterministic
Chaos rather than just narrowband noise.) And the transmitter and
receiver will still lock together as the transmitted Chaos signal causes
the receiver's own Chaos to become synched coherently. The transmitter
and receiver would have to have the same nonlinear elements in the same
spot in their circuits. Communication by synchronized chaos, eh?
If you think THAT's cool, then how about this: molecules which can sense
each other at a distance. A programmable Van der Waals force.
Forces between adjacent crystal radiosGo back to the crystal radios: hang two identical crystal radios on the ends of long threads, then "illuminate" them with a transmitter. They will resonate and therefore oscillate strongly. But the AC magnetic field surrounding one crystal radio's inductor "illuminates" the other radio's inductor. This isn't radio broadcasting, this is adjacent transformer coils. When the two resonators are weakly coupled, their fields are identical in phase, so this will cause "DC" physical forces to arise between the floating radios. Do they attract each other? Repel? Repel first, then rotate until they start attracting? I'll have to try it and see. If they attract, then boy do I ever have something cool on my hands.
If the two crystal radios are pulled together, yet when they are detuned,
the attraction force turns from DC to AC (and weakens or vanishes...) then
we have an analogy for atomic bonding. Atomic bonding without covalent
electron sharing?!!! We also have an electromagnetic analogy for
stereochemical key/lock bonding in biological molecules, where the "key"
is electromagnetically attracted by the "lock" from quite a distance away
(from at least a quarter wavelength distance at the multipeak IR line
spectrum,) but this only happens if the common bizarro-resonance exists.
(Just how ARE those ribosomes able to pull in the T-RNA units to assemble
proteins at a rate of hundreds of Hz? How do the ribosomes find the
distant nuclear membrane pores? If the ribosome can electromagnetically
yank the next required amino acid into place, or navigate itself to a
membrane pore ~100nM distant, then it doesn't have to wait for random
diffusion to try all possible combinations of nearby "keys" in the waiting
Molecular "locks" which attract their matched "keys"In the above, by "resonance", I don't mean spectrum lines, I mean complicated spectrum bands, bands with identical hidden dynamical substructures; I mean the weird sort of resonance that occurs between two distant clusters of coupled oscillators which have identical patterns of internal resonance frequencies and coupling. It's an electromagnetic version of atomic bonding force, but where one molecule can yank in a desired distant molecule which has the matching spectrum-peak code. A radio transmitter which physically attracts distant radios, dragging them in, but only if they're tuned to receive the transmissions.
I just about soiled myself when this idea appeared in my head a few months
But it was too big for my brain, so I forgot all about it until now.
It's like trying to recall a dream upon waking.
Now visualise two clusters of identical coupled oscillators which are
being illuminated by infrared thermal white noise from the environment.
(At the nano-scale, this illumination might also be from quantum
uncertainty, or basically the virtual particle flux which creates the
Casmir force.) If the two distant groups of oscillators are in close
proximity, closer than a quarter-wavelength, then the EM white noise will
simultaneously "twang" both molecules in phase. As a result, their
synchroniced AC fields will cause both clusters to pull upon each
other (or perhaps push?) If these "oscillators" are actually the active
sites of two separate biomolecules, then maybe I've just solved the great
riddle of how the "keys" can find the "locks" over relatively great
distances in biochemistry, find each other despite the immense jostling of
thermal motion. The molecules are like crypto-coded AC electromagnet
coils, where the complicated non-repeating fields vary in synch, and where
the "electromagnets" attract each other only if the "codes" being
broadcast by each "magnet" are identical.
Is this cool or what?!!! Hmmm, not enough exclamation points. Try
!!!!!!!!!!! instead. :) And not only could biology be using this for
selective bonding, as with ribosome operations, biology might also stumble
upon it as a method for *communication* between distant molecules without
needing any nerve-fiber cables. The "cables" would be invisible
couplings in the Casmir force or perhaps in the thermal infrared frequency
band, like a wireless LAN network. Unbeknownst to anyone, proteins might
be programmably attracting/repelling each other, or might form interacting
electronic components without wires between them. Perhaps globs of
molecules might even function as
room-temperature quantum computer arrays with an "invisible EM nervous
system" connecting them. If this is true, then single cells or even
biological tissues become like a "brain-stuff" made out of Cray
Supercomputers, and maybe Amoebas and Paramecia and neuron-lacking plant
life are all just as intelligent as flatworms, cockroaches and
But maybe my dangling crystal radios always repel each other, and my
analogy is all wrong. Maybe van Der Waals force, multipole London Force,
long-range over 100s of nM scale, is just a boring feeble thing, and
contains no hidden discoveries.
> The idea about photons not really existing except as waves is a fairlyBingo! In classical physics, that's called "flow of heat energy." In QM, it's "acoustic mode thermal radiation" (as opposed to IR light.) And modelling phonons as quantized acoustic frequencies is not conceptually different than ignoreing photons and instead seeing them as quantized IR light frequencies emitted by hot matter.
> If one atom has a certain amount of vibrational energy, it will
Yes! And then the energy in the neighbor goes back again. And then goes
the the second one again. Repeat. This gives a
double-peaked spectrum, where the difference between the two frequency
peaks is the same as the "sloshing" frequency of the energy going back and
forth between the two penduluma. It's called "frequency" or "line
coupled oscillators, since pairs of widely separated (non-coupled)
oscillators can share a single frequency, but closely-spaced oscillators
cannot. Huh. Maybe the Pauli Exclusion principle is nothing but a
renamed version of electromagnetic line splitting? (!!!!!!!!!!!)
If two classical LCR oscillators approach each other so that their
coupling increases, then two different energy levels arise like magic.
If you have a group of coupled oscillators, they will form a collection of
emission lines, a "frequency band" just like the electron levels and the
infrared spectra of solid matter. If they repel when close but attract
when distant, then we even have a model for chemical bonds having a
bonding distance predicted via calculation.
> I'm suprised that this example isn't given as an explanation ofThat's it exactly. Many textbooks still teach us that photons are "real", as if photons were like tiny well-localized bullets or billiard balls. Their quantum-mechanical "unreality" is only applied in the more advanced classroom like a conceptual coat of paint. And it's not a student mistake, even the textbook authors and educators seem to mostly think in these non-QM "billiard ball" terms. But in fact, the physics is "nothing but paint" and there are no localized billiard balls underneath. Photons are not particles in the billiard-ball sense. They are quanta of Gauge fields. The fields are far more real than the "photons."
> I've also seen the idea of atoms absorbing energy by emitting waves thatHeh. Be careful. In rare cases that's the same as penetrating the psychological defenses of a lunatic. They'll erect their system of Denial. This might seem like paranoia, but my experience on various physics forums shows that even screaming rage should not be a surprise. All the stories about "backstabbing academic politics" are no joke. After years of hearing about such things, I got a chance to witness it first-hand. It really exists. Whenever academic reputation (and especially self-image) is concerned, the physics truth becomes very very secondary as compared to the need to silence any voice which threatens to shatter their whole carefully-cultivated conviction of self-importance. Once a person thinks that they're an expert, they have to attack any radical new ideas which call their expertise into question. The really new ideas can destroy careers, or even worse, can threaten a deeply held belief. Better find a HUMBLE physics teacher who still considers himself to be a "mere student." I've met some of the opposite type, the self-nominated experts. Steer carefully away from them. They're pure poison.
Jamie C. sends this:
BioEssays (Nov 2000) 22.11 pp1018-1023. "Random walks and cell size", Agutter PS and Wheatley DN
"The belief that diffusion can explain many aspects of intracellular movement is no longer tenable, since classical (Fickian) diffusion theory cannot strictly apply to conditions withing the cell as we currently understand them. Yet simple diffusion is still often invoked, or frequently assumed, to explain intracellular transport ... The extensive evidence against the diffusion theory will be discussed here and an alternative viewpoint will be presented."
http://www. jodkowski.pl/ prywata/ Diffusion.pdf
Diffusion Theory in Biology: A Relic of Mechanistic Materialism Agutter, Malone, & Wheatley, Journal of the History of Biology 33: 71-111, 2000.
http:// dickw.ucsf.edu/ papers/ CompBiochemPhysiol/ Symposium.html
Cytoplasmic Transport of Lipids
Cellular Microtransport Processes
The refs above are interesting because they show that for decades the biochem community was wrongly assuming that biomolecules can find each other by diffusion; just by trying all possible positions at a high rate. This isn't true, and we now know that filaments in the cytoplasm act like an internal "railroad" for moving proteins around. Therefore, if the existence of such a necessary "transport force" was unsuspected for decades, then there could easily be other exotic forces hiding within cells, forces which, like the "railroad," have always been ignored and dismissed as mere diffusion or uninteresting VanderWaals effects.